Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u prethodnih 30 dana:6
  • preuzimanja u prethodnih 30 dana:4
članak: 1 od 1  
Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu
2015, vol. 63, br. 3, str. 91-111
jezik rada: engleski
članak
doi:10.5937/AnaliPFB1503091E


Direct effect of the European Convention on Human Rights
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Pravni fakultet

e-adresa: etinski@pf.uns.ac.rs, sdjajic@pf.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
This article explores the concept of direct effect of the European Convention on Human Rights. In order to discuss this and related issues the authors have selected two opposite approaches to direct effect of the ECHR, the one of the Italian Constitutional Court and the other of the Serbian Court of Cassation as manifested in two similar cases - Scordino and Crnišanin. The two opposite approaches might show how distinct international legal traditions of the two countries (dualist and monist) addressed the direct effect of the ECHR. While the response of the Italian Constitutional Court has been at the expense of legal economy and efficiency, the response of the Serbian Court of Cassation has been to neglect democratic element in determining the relationship between an individual and a general interest in human rights protection. The authors challenged both approaches with suggestions how deficiencies of both systems can equally be addressed despite their differences by relying on the concept of direct effect that was engineered by the European Court of Justice.

Ključne reči

Reference

*** (2007) Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, No. 349
*** Ruling of the Constitutional court of Serbia IUz-98/2009 of 23 June 2011 / Rešenje Ustavnog suda IUz-98/2009
*** (2012) Zakon o izmenama i dopunama Zakona o privatizaciji. Službeni glasnik RS, br. 119
*** Ruling of the Constitutional court of Serbia IUz-95/2013 of 13 June 2013 / Rešenje Ustavnog suda IUz-95/2013
*** Decision of the Constitutional court of Serbia IUz-95/2013 of 14 November 2013 / Odluka Ustavnog suda IUz-95/2013
*** (2014) Zakon o izmenama i dopunama Zakona o privatizaciji. Službeni glasnik RS, br. 51
*** (2014) Zakon o privatizaciji. Službeni glasnik RS, br. 83
*** Dialogue between Judges 2011: What are the limits to the evolutive interpretation of the Convention. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Hale of Richmond, DBE, PC, in European Court of Human Rights, http://echr.coe.int/Documents/Dialogue_2011_ENG.pdf, 10 February 2015
*** Human rights Committee established by the ICCPR (n 11), Committee on the elimination of racial discrimination (established by International Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination (adopted 21 December 1965, entered into fo. 660 UNTS 195
*** Committee against torture (established by Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (adopted 10 December 1984, entered into force 26 June 1987)). 1465 UNTS 85
*** The Committee on the rights of the child (established by Convention on the rights of the child (adopted 20 November, entered into force 2 September 1990)). 1577 UNTS 3
*** (1998) UK human rights act. s 2(1), http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1998/42/section/2, 25 February 2015
*** (2007) Dialogue between judges. Council of Europe-European Court of Human Rights, http://www.echr.coe.int/ECHR/EN/Header/Reports+and+Statistics/Seminar+documents/Dialogue+between+Judges/, 14. March 2015
*** Legal opinion of the Supreme Court of cassation on the enforcement procedure, with dissenting opinion attached thereto. available in Serbian language at http://www.vk.sud.rs/assets/files/bilteni/bilten_2011-1.pdf, 25 February 2015
*** (1992) Art 5 Law. Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, (8 August 1992), No. 359, No. 190
*** Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms (ECHR). CETS No.005
*** (2007) Italian Constitutional Court decision. Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, No. 348; (2007) No. 348
*** (2007) Italian Constitutional Court decision. No. 349
*** (2003) Republic of Irelands' European Convention on human rights act. http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2003/en/act/pub/0020/print.html, 25 February 2015
*** International Covenant on civil and political rights (adopted 16 December 1966, entered into force 23 March 1976). 999 UNTS 171 (ICCPR)
*** American Convention on human rights (adopted 22 November, entered into force 18 July 1978). 1144 UNTS 123 (American Convention)
Anagnostou, D., Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2014) Domestic Implementation of Human Rights Judgments in Europe: Legal Infrastructure and Government Effectiveness Matter. European Journal of International Law, 25(1): 205-227
Barkhuysen, T., van Emerik, M., van Kempen, H.P., ur. (1999) The execution of Strasbourg and Geneva human rights decisions in the national legal order. The Hague-London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Beddard, R. (1967) The status of the European convention of human rights in domestic law. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 16(1): 206-217
Benvenisti, E., Downs, G.W. (2014) The Premises, Assumptions, and Implications of Van Gend en Loos: Viewed from the Perspectives of Democracy and Legitimacy of International Institutions. European Journal of International Law, 25(1): 85-102
Buergenthal, T. (2006) The Evolving International Human Rights System. American Journal of International Law (AJIL), 4, 783; 805
Cataldi, G. (2011) Italy. u: Shelton D. [ur.] International Law and Domestic Legal Systems: Incorporation, Transformation, and Persuasion, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 340
Craig, P., de Burca, G. (2011) EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Craig, P., de Burca, G. (2003) EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials. Oxford: Oxford University Press
dal Monte, F.B., Fontanelli, F. (2008) The decisions No.348 and 349/2007 of the Italian Constitutional Court: The efficacy of the European Convention in the Italian legal system. German Law Journal, 9, 902
Dixon, M., Mccorquodale, R. (2003) Cases and Materials on International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hoffmeister, F. (2006) Germany: Status of European Convention on Human Rights in domestic law. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 4(4): 722-731
Keller, H. (2005) Reception of the European Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms (ECHR) in Poland and Switzerland. Zeitscrhift fur auslandisches und offentliches Recht und Volkerrecht, 65, 283
Martens, K.S. (1998) Opinion: Incorporating the European convention: The role of the judiciary. European Human Rights Law Review, 1, 5
Martines, F. (2014) Direct Effect of International Agreements of the European Union. European Journal of International Law, 25(1): 129-147
Martinico, G. (2012) Is the European Convention Going to Be 'Supreme'? A Comparative-Constitutional Overview of ECHR and EU Law before National Courts. European Journal of International Law, 23(2): 401-424
Nifosi-Sutton, I. (2010) The Power of the European Court of Human Rights to Order Specific Non-Monetary Relief: a Critical Appraisal from a Right to Health Perspective. Harvard Human Rights Journal, 23, 57; 58
Nollkeamper, A. (2014) The duality of direct effect of international law. EJIL, 25/1, 108
Rakić, B.M. (2013) O smislu 'saradnje' ili 'dijaloga' između Suda pravde EU i sudova država članica. Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu, vol. 61, br. 2, str. 69-91
Ress, G. (2004-2005) The Effect of Decisions and Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights in the Domestic Legal Order. Texas International Law Journal, 40, 359
Sweet, A.S., Keller, H. (2008) The reception of the ECHR in national legal orders. Yale Law School-Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository, 1 http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1088&context=fss_papers, 17. February 2015
UN HR Committee (2004) The nature of the general legal obligation imposed on states parties to the covenant: Adopted on 29. March 2004. at its 2187th meeting. u: Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, General comment No.31, HRI/GEN/1/Rev.7, (12 May) 196, para 15
Vazquez, C.M. (1995) The Four Doctrines of Self-Executing Treaties. American Journal of International Law, 89(4): 695
Vrhovni kasacioni sud (2011) Bilten, No.1, 74, available (in Serbian) at http://www.vk.sud.rs/assets/files/bilteni/bilten_2011-1.pdf, 25 March 2015
Vrhovni kasacioni sud (2011) No. 1, 74-95