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Fizička kultura
2016, vol. 70, iss. 1, pp. 23-33
article language: Serbian, English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
doi:10.5937/fizkul1601023V

Creative Commons License 4.0
Civil gymnastics associations and sports in the Kingdom of Serbia
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education

e-mail: vladan.vukasinovic@fsfv.bg.ac.rs

Abstract

The aim of this study was to enable insight and systemization of data relevant for the appearance of sports in the Kingdom of Serbia through reviews of adequate monographs and series of publications. Primary assumption was founded on the expectation to determine a direct link between gymnastics and the falcon system of exercising with sports that was rising. The historic method has been used for the research. Work results indicate a significant role of civil gymnastics associations - falcons (the falcon) and knight (Dusan the Mighty) as a phenomenon in popularization and development of modern sports at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century in Serbia. All these associations, no matter what their name was, had intentions to maintain their existing and attract new membership, and they foresaw with their rules and statutes acceptance and the introduction of other sports activities and forming of clubs, apart from gymnastics which was the skeleton of exercising curriculum. Newly founded gymnastics - sports departments in fighting, marksmanship, skating, riding, swimming, rowing, velocipede, football developed and grew into sports clubs. Their separation from core gymnastics associations enabled faster development of individual sports branches, which stood for the first modern sports in Serbia.

Keywords

sports; history; sports clubs; civil gymnastics associations; falcon and knight associations; the Kingdom of Serbia

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