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2017, vol. 33, br. 76, str. 1763-1771
Laser analgezija u toku ortodontske terapije
aUniverzitet u Skoplju, Stomatološki fakultet Sv. Ćirilo i Metodije, Odeljenje za parodontologiju i oralnu patologiju, Skoplje, Makedonija
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra Stomatološka protetika, Srbija
cUniverzitet u Skoplju, Stomatološki fakultet Sv. Ćirilo i Metodije, Odeljenje za ortodonciju, Skoplje, Makedonija
dUniverzitet u Skoplju, Stomatološki fakultet Sv. Ćirilo i Metodije, Odeljenje za oralnu hirurgiju, Skoplje, Makedonija
eUniverzitet u Skoplju, Stomatološki fakultet Sv. Ćirilo i Metodije, Skoplje, Makedonija

e-adresapesevska@gmail.com
Ključne reči: terapija niskoenergetskim laserom; analgetici; bol; fiksni ortodontski aparati
Sažetak
Uvod: Posebno je važno smanjiti bol nakon prvog postavljanja luka. Većina pacijenata oseća bol četiri sata nakon što se luk postavi , postiže najviši nivo nakon 24 sata i smanjuje se u narednih nekoliko dana. Podaci iz literature pokazuju da je strah od bola veoma važan razlog za obeshrabrivanje pacijenata da prihvate ovakav ortodontski tretman. Cilj ove studije bio je da se proceni efikasnost biostimulativnog laserskog tretmana u smanjenju bolova kod pacijenata sa fiksnim ortodontskim aparatima. Materijal i metode:Petnaest pacijenata je tretirano biostimulativnim diodnim laserom, tokom dva minuta po kvadrantu, odmah nakon postavljanja fiksnih ortodontskih aparata i u naredna četiri dana. Kontrolna grupa od 15 pacijenata dobila je analgetsku terapiju u trajanju, od pet dana. Bol je subjektivno ocenjen kao jak, srednji ili bez bolova. Bol je nestao kod 20% ispitanika u ispitivanoj grupi nakon prvog dana, dok je kod 60% i 26,6% ispitanika srednja i izolovana bol bila prisutna drugog i trećeg dana. Bol je nestao kod svih pacijenata tretiranih laserom petog dana. Jak bol bio je prisutan kod svih ispitanika u kontrolnoj grupi prvog dana,dok je drugog dana smanjen na 60%, a 20% ispitanika sa srednjim intenzitetom bola. Nakon tri dana, kontrolna grupa je pokazala srednji lokalizovan bol u 40% slučajeva, koji se smanjio kod 26,6% nakon četvrtog dana, što ukazuje na kasnije smanjenje bola u odnosu na grupu koja se tretira laserom. Rezultati ukazuju na to da se primena lasera sa niskom energijom može uspešno koristiti za smanjenje bolova tokom početnog nelagodnog perioda nakon postavljanja fiksnih ortodontskih aparata. Zaključak: Niskoenergetski laseri mogu uspešno da smanje bol u početnom periodu posle postavljanja fiksnog ortodontskog aparata.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/asn1776763P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.04.2018.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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