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2016, vol. 64, br. 1-2, str. 93-109
Regionalna otpornost - strukturna analiza, preduzetništvo i specijalizacija
aMinistry of Economy, Department of Regional Development and Strategic Analyses of Economy, Belgrade
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Ekonomski fakultet, Katedra za ekonomsku teoriju i analizu
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Ekonomski fakultet, Katedra za poslovnu ekonomiju i menadžment
Ključne reči: regionalna otpornost; regionalni efekti privatizacije; strukturna analiza; regionalna konkurentnost; preduzetništvo; specijalizacija prerađivačke industrije
Sažetak
Recesija nije podjednakom žestinom pogodila sve regione u Srbiji, neki regioni su bili otporniji od drugih. Razlike u regionalnoj otpornosti su se, pored tržišta rada, najviše odrazile u regionalnim granama prerađivačke industrije. Ekonomska kriza najviše je pogodila razvijene grane prerađivačke industrije. Pored toga, ključni ekonomski parametri (zaposlenost i novostvorena vrednost) su u preduzetničkom sektoru pali za 20%. Dubinsko istraživanje regionalne otpornosti u Srbiji usmereno je u dva pravca: testiranje regionalne industrijske otpornosti pre i posle globalne recesije i identifikovanje ključnih regionalnih industrijskih grana u kontekstu regionalne specijalizacije. U radu je promovisan i nov metodološki pristup baziran na dinamičkoj strukturnoj analizi prerađivačke industrije Srbije. Istraživački doprinos autora je i afirmacija novih analitičkih instrumenata (dva nova kompozitna indeksa: IRIS i Regionalni koeficijent uspešnosti privatizacije). Ekonomske poruke u radu usmerene su u više pravaca: regionalna otpornost primarno zavisi od sektorske povezanosti i endogenih regionalnih resursa, regionalnu otpornost povećavaju faktori koje se odnose na tehnologiju, znanje i inovativni kapacitet, kao i da se regionalna otpornost povećava specijalizacijom tradicionalnih grana. U narednom periodu ključna će biti privredna transformacija ka preduzetničkoj ekonomiji i dinamičkim strukturama preduzeća.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekopre1602093J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.01.2017.