Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:[1]
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:7
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:4
article: 1 from 1  
Telfor Journal
2015, vol. 7, iss. 2, pp. 62-67
article language: English
document type: unclassified
Collaborative beamforming techniques for data transmission in wireless sensor networks
aUniversity of Belgrade, 'Mihajlo Pupin' Institute, Belgrade
bUniversidade Lusofona de Humanidades e Technologias, Lisbon, Portugal + UNINOVA - Campus FCT/UNL, Caparica, Portugal



Development and Modeling of Energy-Efficient, Adaptable, Multiprocessor and Multisensor Low-Power Electronic Systems (MESTD - 32043)
Bilateral Cooperation Project Portugal-Serbia No. 451-03-02338/2012-14/11
The work of Marko Beko was partially supported by Fundaçâo para a Ciência e a Tecnologia under Projects PEst-OE/E


Collaborative beamforming is a technique for improving energy efficiency of uplink communications in wireless sensor networks. It is done by synchronizing carrier phases of individual sensor nodes precisely enough, so that they jointly form a beampattern with a stable mainlobe. In this paper, we analyze the impact of additive noise in the received signal on the behavior of an iterative phase synchronization scheme. Besides, we analyze the bit error rate performance of such collaborative transmission. In particular, we consider a decentralized antenna array where sensors are allowed to perform distributed carrier synchronization and collaborative data transmission simultaneously. We evaluate the system performance by using numerical simulations and provide a semi-analytical solution for the algorithm convergence characteristics and the overall bit error rate as a function of the algorithm's iteration index.


Collaborative Beamforming; Wireless Sensor Networks


Benedetto, S., Biglieri, E. (1999) Principles of digital transmission with wireless applications. New York: Kluwer Academic
Berbakov, L., Matamoros, J., on-Haro Ant, C. (2013) Proof of the convergence of one-bit feedback algorithm for DBF in the presence of AWGN. in: CTTC Internal report,, sep
Berbakov, L., Anton-Haro, C., Matamoros, J. (2011) Distributed Beamforming with Sidelobe Control Using One Bit of Feedback. in: IEEE 73rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), pp. 1-5
Chen, Y., Yang, H., Sun, X., Yang, Z. (2011) Opportunistic collaborative beamforming with phase-compensation and limited feedback. in: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM), pp. 1-6, Dec
Henkelman, R. M. (1985) Measurement of signal intensities in the presence of noise in MR images. Medical Physics, 12(2): 232
Mergen, G., Zhao, Q., Tong, L. (2006) Sensor networks with mobile access: Energy and capacity considerations,. IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 2033-2044, November
Mudumbai, R., Hespanha, J., Madhow, U., Barriac, G. (2010) Distributed Transmit Beamforming Using Feedback Control. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 56(1): 411-426
Pun, M., Brown, D. R., Poor, H. V. (2008) Opportunistic collaborative beamforming with one-bit feedback. in: IEEE 9th Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications
Seo, M., Rodwell, M., Madhow, U. (2008) A feedback-based distributed phased array technique and its application to 60-GHz wireless sensor network. in: IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, pp. 683-686
Song, S., Thompson, J.S., Chung, P., Grant, P.M. (2012) Exploiting Negative Feedback Information for One-Bit Feedback Beamforming Algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 11(2): 516-525
Wong, C.H., Siew, Z.W., Chin, R.K.Y., Kiring, A., Teo, K.T.K. (2013) Adaptive Phase Synchronisation Algorithm for Collaborative Beamforming in Wireless Sensor Networks. in: 7th Asia Modelling Symposium, pp. 289-294