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Food and Feed Research
2017, vol. 44, br. 1, str. 31-38
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.5937/FFR1701031V

Creative Commons License 4.0
Sposobnost patogena Penicillium italicum i P. Expansum da inficiraju pomorandže tokom sladištenja
aEkonomski institut, Beograd
bNakhonsawan Colledge of Agriculture and Technology, Thailand
cKenya Horticultural Exporters, Kenya
dVolta Integrated Agricultural Development Ltd., Ghana
eBidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Agricultural University, Department of Post-Harvest Technology, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, India

e-adresa: sonja.veljovic@ecinst.org.rs

Sažetak

Penicillium italicum i P. expansum su najvažniji patogeni prouzrokovači truljenja različitih vrsta voća i povrća. U ovoj studiji, pomorandže su inokulisane sa ove dve vrste plesni, a zatim skadištene 14 dana bez vreća ili upakovane u vrećama, u hladnoj sobi tokom 11 dana i 3 dana na sobnoj temperaturi, da bi odredili uticaj pakovanja i mogućnost infekcije pomorandži ovim gljivama tokom skladištenja. Pakovanje nije imalo uticaja na sadržaj rastvorljive suve materije (RSM) i čvrstinu. Sastav gasa u vrećama pokazuje nizak sadržaj kiseonika i visoku koncentraciju ugljen dioksida nakon 14 dana skladištenja. Pakovanje voća u vreće smanjilo je truljenje pomorandži izazvano gljivom P. italicum i gubitak težine, i očuvalo čvrstinu, RSM i kiselost u poređenju sa kontrolnim uzorkom voća. Studija nam sugeriše da pakovanje u vreće može biti uspešno rešenje za kontrolisanje truljenja, očuvanje kvaliteta voća i produženje roka trajanja pomorandži.

Ključne reči

pomorandža; inokulacija; pakovanje; infekcioni kapacitet; kvalitet voća

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