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Journal of Process Management. New Technologies
2016, vol. 4, br. 1, str. 63-75
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.5937/JPMNT1601063M


Child labor abuse: Legal aspects
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
anema
bUniversity 'Goce Delcev', Faculty of Law, Stip, Macedonia

e-adresa: darko-majhoshev@hotmail.com, viktorangelovski@ymai

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
The paper addresses the problem of child labor and ways of protection from child labor abuse. Child labor is a negative social phenomenon that is widespread throughout the world, and also in Republic of Macedonia. International and national institutions and organizations are making serious efforts to eradicate this negative phenomenon, through the adoption of numerous international legal instruments (conventions, recommendations, declarations, etc.). Child labor as a phenomenon refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability of education, and that is socially, mentally, physically, or morally dangerous and harmful. All international organizations define this practice as exploitative and destructive to the development of the whole society. With international legal instruments of the UN, ILO, Council of Europe and the EU child labor is strictly prohibited. There are some important differences which exist between the many kinds of work that is done by children. Some of them are demanding and difficult, others are hazardous and morally reprehensible. Children are doing a very wide range of activities and tasks when they work.

Ključne reči

child labor; abuse; exploitation; ILO conventions

Reference

*** (1999) ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labor
*** (1998) Declaration on fundamental principles and rights of work and its annex
*** (1944) Philadelphia declaration
*** (1973) ILO Convention No. 138 on the minimum age for admission to employment and work
*** (1948) Universal declaration of human rights
*** (1966) International covenant on economic, social and cultural rights
*** (1959) Declaration on the rights of the child
*** (1989) Convention on the rights of the child
*** (2010) Law on child protection. Official Gazette of Republic of Macedonia, no. 170 of 29.12.2010, Skopje
*** (1950) European convention on human rights
*** (1961) European social charter
*** (1991) Constitution of Republic of Macedonia
*** (2013) Labor law. Official Gazette of Republic of Macedonia, no. 54/13, No. 10-1104 / 3 April 9, 2013, Skopje
Bilić, A., Buklijaš, B. (2006) Međunarodno radno pravo. Split: Pravni fakultet