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International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education / IJCRSEE
2016, vol. 4, br. 2, str. 1-7
jezik rada: engleski
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Creative Commons License 4.0
Technologies of initiating students into independent (self-guided) activity in supplementary distance learning
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aAcademy of Psychology and Educational of Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
bInstitute of Languages and Literature, Journalism and Intercultural Communication of Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

e-adresa: abakira@mail.ru, karina379@yandex.ru


This work was supported by a grant of SFU ? 213.01-11 / 2016-2NM (Ministry of Education task ? 28.125.2016 / NM) 'Re­search and improvement of the political and legal mechanisms of tolerance among the students in a multicultural society.'


(ne postoji na srpskom)
The research in question investigates the technologies of initiating independent activity within the framework of distance learning and their psychological aspects. The authors' classification of educational technologies of initiating students into independent cognitive activity is presented. Such technologies utilize various psychological mechanisms of exciting students' cognitive interest, intensifying cognitive processes, developing independent activity skills, and, as a result, increase motivation for independent activity and learning on the whole. These include such types of technologies as devel­opmental technologies, interactive technologies, technologies of information transfer, technologies of meaning-making initiation. The research of the attitude of distance learning educators to independent activity of students and the con­tent of the academic courses were done at Moodle-based education programs. The findings show the differences in retention rate among distance learning educators whose competence in terms of initiating students into independent (self-guided) activity varies. It's emphasized that interactive lectures, video­conferences, audio-visual aids, interactive seminars, glossaries, interactive tests are considered the most efficient technologies in initiating students into independent (self-guided) activity. The obtained results have made it possible to stress the developmental effect of distance learning technologies and the technologies of initiating students into independent (self-guided) activity in various psychic spheres of students: cognitive, individual, emotional. We men­tion the changes in motivational sphere of students and their meaning-making activity. In the course of correct development of distance learning we notice the development of voluntary and nonvoluntary cognitive activity. A student starts actively participating in educational process, he becomes the creator of his own world.

Ključne reči

distance learning; meaning-making; technology; competence; cognitive motivation