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The European Journal of Applied Economics
2018, vol. 15, br. 1, str. 94-109
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/EJAE15-16293

Creative Commons License 4.0
Povezanost dohotka i zdravlja pojedinca u podsaharskoj Africi - dokazi na osnovu modela heterogenog panela
aOlabisi Onabanjo University, Department of Economics, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
bUniversity of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance, New Zealand

e-adresa: ibrahim.odusanya@oouagoiwoye.edu.ng

Sažetak

Istraživanje predočeno u ovom radu predstavlja pokušaj da se ispita odnos između dohotka i zdravlja pojedinca primenom AIH hipoteze (Absolute Income-Health Hypothesis, hipozete o odnosu apsolutnog dohotka i zdravlja). Ispitivanje je prvenstveno usredsređeno na 34 podsaharske zemlje u periodu od 2001-2016. Podaci za studiju su uglavnom preuzeti iz baze Indikatora svetskog razvoja (WDI) i repozitorijuma podataka o globalnom javnom zdravlju Svetske zdravstvene organizacije (ZSO). Korišćenjem postavke heretogenih slopova koja uključuje seriju nestacionarnih, unakrsno zavisnih i grupno specifičnih trendova, nismo uspeli da pronađemo dokaze koji bi potkrepili AIH hipotezu. Naš empirijski ishod podstakao je sumnju na robustnost prethodnih studija koje su ignorisale takve atribute modeliranja, a dovodi nas do zaključka da je metodologija zaista važna u analizi povezanosti zarade pojedinca i njegovog zdravlja, kao i u testiranju validnosti AIH hipoteze za presek zemalja. Nasuprot tome, smatramo da prihodi predstavljaju beznačajnu determinantu zdravlja u podsaharskoj Africi u poređenju sa potrošnjom u zdravstvu i poboljšanom sanitacijom.

Ključne reči

zdravlje; dohodak; podsaharska Afrika; heterogeni nagib; unakrsna zavisnost

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