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2013, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 147-157
Primena biljnih lekovitih proizvoda u dermatologiji
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Farmaceutski fakultet, Institut za farmakognoziju
Ključne reči: biljni lekoviti proizvodi; inflamatorna oboljenja kože; infektivna oboljenja kože; ozlede kože
Sažetak
Biljni lekoviti proizvodi (BLP) koriste se u dermatologiji najčešće kod inflamatornih i infektivnih oboljenja, kao i za lečenje manjih ozleda kože (manje rane i opekotine). Farmakološki efekti BLP često se ostvaruju sinergističkim delovanjem većeg broja sekundarnih biljnih metabolita (flavonoidi, fenolkarboksilne kiseline, terpenoidi, tanini, saponozidi, sluzi i dr.). Neke biljne sirovine za izradu BLP koje se koriste u navedenim indikacionim područjima su npr. cvast kamilice (Matricariae flos), cvast nevena (Calendulae flos), kora ili list hamamelisa (Hamamelidis cortex seu folium), herba kantariona (Hyperici herba), masno ulje noćurka (Oenotherae oleum) i etarsko ulje čajevca (Melaleucae aetheroleum). Upotreba BLP u dermatologiji je uglavnom zasnovana na dugogodišnjoj primeni i iskustvu, kao i na rezultatima farmakoloških ispitivanja, dok je za mali broj efikasnost klinički potvrđena. Prema monografijama biljnih droga i preparata biljnih droga koje je do sada pripremio Komitet za biljne lekovite proizvode Evropske agencije za lekove (EMA/HMPC), svi BLP namenjeni za primenu u dermatologiji imaju status tradicionalnih biljnih lekova. Iako po efikasnosti BLP zaostaju za sintetskim lekovima, pacijenti ih vrlo rado koriste zbog manje izraženih neželjenih reakcija.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.09.2013.