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2002, vol. 55, br. 5-6, str. 229-232
Uticaj pušenja na stanje parodoncijuma
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet
Projekat:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 1490

Ključne reči: parodoncijum; parodontalne bolesti + etiologija; gubljenje alveolarne kosti; pušenje; duvan; dentalni plak; povlačenje gingive
Sažetak
Cilj ispitivanja je bio da se utvrdi stanje oralne higijene i težina parodontalnog oštećenja kod pušača. Ispitivanjem su obuhvaćena 84 pušača i 83 nepušača. Ocena stanja oralne higijene utvrđena je prema kriterijumu Green-Vermillionovog indeksa. Za ocenu stanja parodoncijuma korišćeni su indeks parodontalnog oboljenja po Ramfjordu, nivo ivice gingive, stanje alveolarne kosti. Utvrđena je statistički značajno veća vrednost Ramfjordovog indeksa, veće povlačenje gingive i veća resorpcija alveolarne kosti u grupi pušača u odnosu na kontrolnu grupu (p<0,001). U pušača utvrđena je i veća prosečna vrednost dentalnog plaka. Na osnovu analize rezultata zaključeno je da pušenje nije kauzalni agens u nastanku parodontalnog oboljenja. Teže oštećenje parodoncijuma u pušača posledica je prisustva veće količine dentalnog plaka, odnosno lošije oralne higijene.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS0206229B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.06.2007.

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