članak: 1 od 1  
Medicinski pregled
2008, vol. 61, br. 7-8, str. 319-326
jezik rada: srpski
uvodnik
Virusologija na početku XXI veka
Institut za javno zdravlje Vojvodine, Novi Sad

Sažetak

Virusne infekcije su najčešće bolesti čoveka (pogotovo akutne respiratorne infekcije, pre svega kod dece i omladine). Savremena znanja pokazuju da virusna infekcija ne izaziva samo akutnu bolest, nego i perzistentne virusne infekcije, kao i da izvestan broj virusa može da inkorporiše svoju nukleinsku kiselinu u genom ćelije domaćina, da dovede do rearanžiranja ćelijskih gena, te do pojave malignih tumora. Virusna perzistencija može da bude uzrok manifestacija latentne ili hronične infekcije, kao i prionima uzrokovanih sporih infekcija centralnog nervnog sistema. U nastanku stanja virusne perzistencije važnu ulogu imaju defektne Di virusne partikule. Virusi imaju značajnu ulogu u raznim poremećajima imunološke homeostaze organizma. Poseban problem predstavljaju novootkriveni virusi.

Ključne reči

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