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Medicinski pregled
2010, vol. 63, br. 5-6, str. 371-375
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1006371O


Analiza vertikalne skočnosti u testovima snage i anaerobne sposobnosti
Univerzitet EDUCONS, Fakultet za sport i turizam, Novi Sad

Sažetak

Posebnoj grupi testova mišićne snage i anaerobne sposobnosti pripadaju merenja pojedinačnih ili serijskih vertikalnih skokova. Anaerobna sposobnost izmerena ovim testovima pokazala je značajno veću korelaciju sa specifičnim sportskim postignućem u odnosu na druge testove anaerobne sposobnosti. Najčešće primenjivan protokol testiranja vertikalne skočnosti na kontaktnoj i tenziometrijskoj platformi obuhvata izvođenje pojedinačnih skokova iz različitih osnovnih položaja i serije skokova različitog trajanja. Varijable koje se dobijaju merenjem i kalkulacijom tipično obuhvataju visinu skoka, vreme trajanja skoka i apsolutnu i relativnu maksimalnu snagu skoka. Tokom brojnih studija pokazane su značajno veće vrednosti visine i maksimalne snage vertikalnog skoka kod vrhunskih nego kod nižerazrednih sportista. Uzrok nadmoćnijeg postignuća u ovim testiranjima verovatno leži u kombinaciji uticaja genetskih faktora i akutnih, odnosno prolongiranih efekata treninga.

Ključne reči

Mišićna snaga; Sportska postignuća; Anaerobni prag; Testovi mišićne snage; Motorne sposobnosti

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