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Medicinski pregled
2016, vol. 69, br. 9-10, str. 274-280
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1610274M


Poređenje načina ishrane žena u reproduktivnom dobu sa dijagnostikovanim sindromom policističnih jajnika ibez ove dijagnoze - pilot studija
aJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Department of Food and Nutritional Research, Osijek, Croatia
bGynecological Office Lončar, Karlovac, Croatia

e-adresa: ines.banjari@ptfos.hr

Sažetak

Uvod. Ovo istraživanje upoređuje ishranu, navike u ishrani i životne navike žena sa sindromom policističnih jajnika i žena iz kontrolne grupe u Hrvatskoj. Materijal i metode. U ovoj pilot-studiji slučaja i kontrole, učesnice su bile žene reproduktivnog doba: 12 sa sindromom policističnih jajnika i 16 zdravih žena (od 18 do 41 godine). Sledeći setovi podataka sakupljeni su i analizirani: unos nutrijenata, navike u ishrani i fizička aktivnost, simptomi sindroma policističnih jajnika, antropometrija i biohemijski parametri. Rezultati. Analiza navika ishrane pokazala je statistički signifikantno (p = 0,030) veći zbir poena kod kontrolne grupe (92,4 ± 8,7 poena) u poređenju sa ženama kojima je dijagnostikovan sindrom policističnih jajnika (83,3 ± 12,2 poena). Pokazala se i signifikantna korelacija između godina starosti sa unosom ukupnih ugljenih hidrata i unosom biljnih proteina kod žena sa sindromom policističnih jajnika. Pronađena je signifikantna korelacija između godina starosti sa unosom ukupnih masti, unosom različitih vrsta masti i energetskim unosom kod kontrolne grupe. Indeks slobodnog vremena pokazao je signifikantnu razliku (t-test: p = 0,043, ANOVA: p = 0,004) u 'korist' žena kontrolne grupe koja je aktivnija. Zaključak. Ova studija pokazuje da žene u Hrvatskoj sa sindromom policističnih jajnika poređene s kontrolnom grupom pokazuju sledeće: signifikntno lošije navike u ishrani s karakteristikama ishrane visokog glikemijskog indeksa, manju aktivnost u slobodno vreme i pozitivnu signifikantnu korelaciju između godina starosti i unosa ugljenih hidrata, dok kontrolna grupa ima pozitivnu signifikantnu korelaciju između godina starosti i unosa masti.

Ključne reči

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