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Sociologija
2013, vol. 55, br. 4, str. 519-540
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 16/01/2014
doi: 10.2298/SOC1304519I
Različita shvatanja posmatranja u sociologiji i antropologiji
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: katja@ptt.rs

Projekat

Izazovi nove društvene integracije u Srbiji: koncepti i akteri (MPNTR - 179035)

Sažetak

Napis sadrži uvodna razmatranja o posmatranju kao metodu i istraživačkom postupku u društvenim naukama. Posmatranje je danas u velikoj meri zanemareno u odnosu na takozvane kvalitativne istraživačke metode ili terenska istraživanja. Posmatranje je najsnažniji istraživački postupak zbog toga što ima najneposredniji pristup proučavanoj pojavi. U ovom tekstu se razmatraju različite tradicije posmatranja u društvenim naukama (sociologija, psihologija, antropologija, pedagogija). Trenutno zanemarivanje posmatranja se objašnjava uticajem epistemoloških i društvenih činilaca. Prvi su povezani sa rastućom podelom između filozofije nauke i metodologija pojedinih nauka. Drugi su uslovljeni podrivačkim potencijalom posmatranja u poređenju sa metodama i postupcima koji su 'više u modi'.

Ključne reči

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