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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2009, vol. 66, br. 6, str. 453-458
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 16/06/2009
doi: 10.2298/VSP0906453S
Faktori rizika od nastanka oboljenja kardiovaskularnog sistema u studentskoj populaciji
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra Socijalna medicina i higijena sa medicinskom ekologijom
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: dusicas@eunet.rs

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Kardiovaskularne bolesti vodeći su uzrok umiranja u većini razvijenih zemalja i u mnogim zemljama u razvoju. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je utvrđivanje faktora rizika od nastanka oboljenja kardiovaskularnog sistema kod studentske populacije i predlaganje preventivnih mera. Metode. Istraživanje je sprovedeno u periodu od 2007. do 2008. godine na Medicinskom fakultetu Univerziteta u Nišu. Istraživanjem su bila obuhvaćena 824 studenta (220 muškog i 604 ženskog pola) poslednje godine studija. Rezultati. Nije utvrđena značajna razlika u učestalosti hipertenzije kod studenata (1,81%) i studentkinja (0%). Gojaznost je bila značajno više zastupljena (p < 0,001) kod studenata (7,27%), nego kod studentkinja (1,32%). Abdominalna gojaznost bila je, takođe, značajno (p < 0,01) češća kod studenata (9,09%), nego kod studentkinja (1,32%). Svaki četvrti student pušio je cigarete i u tome nije utvrđena značajna razlika među polovima. Alkohol su značajno češće (p < 0,001) konzumirali studenti (18,18%) nego studentkinje (2,65%). Utvrđena je značajno češća fizička neaktivnost (p < 0,001) kod studentkinja (66,90%), nego kod studenata (36,32%). Kod studenata je utvrđena statistički značajna korelacija između sistolnog i dijastolnog krvnog pritiska, indeksa telesne mase (BMI) i obima struka, a godine života korelisale su sa sistolnim krvnim pritiskom, obimom struka i pušenjem. Sistolni krvni pritisak kod studentkinja korelisao je sa dijastolnim pritiskom, BMI i obimom struka, dijastolni krvni pritisak sa BMI i fizičkom neaktivnošću, a pušenje sa konzumiranjem alkohola i životnom dobi. Zaključak. Kardiovaskularni faktori rizika kod studenata medicine poslednje godine na niškom Univerzitetu razlikuju se u odnosu na pol. Neophodno je insistirati na smanjenju gojaznosti, pušenja cigareta i konzumiranja alkohola kao i na povećanoj fizičkoj aktivnosti kod studenata u cilju prevencije kardiovaskularnih bolesti.

Ključne reči

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