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2014, vol. 71, br. 6, str. 565-570
Povezanost psihopatologije i rezilijentnosti sa zlostavljanjem u detinjstvu kod mladih upućenih na prvi psihijatrijski pregled
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za psihologiju
cUniverzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije - FMK, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje
eUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje + Univerzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije - FMK, Beograd
fAssociation for Mental Health Promotion, Belgrade

e-adresampejovic@eunet.rs
Ključne reči: psihopatologija; rezilijentnost, psihološka; zlostavljanje dece; psihijatrija, adolescentna
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Zlostavljanje u detinjstvu može biti uzrok različitih psiholoških problema kod odraslih osoba. Malo se, međutim, zna o specifičnim kliničkim i porodičnim profilima, kao i karakteristikama rezilijentnosti adolescenata koji su doživeli zlostavljanje u detinjstvu. Cilj našeg rada bio je ispitivanje simptoma, porodičnog funkcionisanja i rezilijentnosti adolescenata sa iskustvom zlostavljanja u detinjstvu upućenih na psihijatrijski pregled. Metode. Uzorak se sastojao od 84 konsekutivno regrutovana mlada ispitanika (prosečne starosti 14,90 ± 3,10, u rasponu od 11 do 18 godina) upućena na prvi pregled u Kliniku za decu i omladinu Instituta za mentalno zdravlje u Beogradu, koji su na osnovu Matrice rizika za zlostavljanje i zanemarivanje dece bili podeljeni u dve grupe. Prvu grupu činili su adolescenti sa iskustvom zlostavljanja u detinjstvu (n = 38, 13 dečaka, 25 devojčica), a drugu, kontrolnu grupu, adolescenti bez iskustva zlostavljanja u detinjstvu (n = 47, 20 dečaka, 27 devojčica). U istraživanju su korišćeni sledeći upitnici: Upitnik za samoprocenu adolescenata (Youth Self-Report - YSR), Skala adolescentnih rezilijentnih stavova (Adolescent Resilience Attitudes Scale - ARAS) i Upitnik za porodicu, (Self-Report Family Inventory - SFI). Rezultati. Značajne razlike pronađene su kod adolescentkinja. Na upitniku YSR, zlostavljane adolescentkinje imale su značajno više skorove delinkventnog ponašanja i marginalno veće skorove anksioznosti/depresivnosti i socijalnih problema. Analize upitnika SFI pokazale su značajno lošije funkcionisanje kod zlostavljanih adolescentkinja u svim podskalama osim na podskali direktivnog vođstva. Na upitniku ARAS, zlostavljane adolescentkinje imale su značajno niže skorove na podskali uvida i marginalno niže skorove na podskali za inicijativu. Zaključak. Navedeni rezultati mogli bi imati praktičnu primenu pri planiranju specifičnih preventivnih strategija i tretmana koji se posebno fokusiraju na delinkventne tendencije kao i na jačanje rezilijentnosti obezbeđivanjem pozitivnog okruženja u okviru porodice, škole i zajednice.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP1406565P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.06.2014.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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