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Psihologija
2008, vol. 41, br. 4, str. 555-575
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.2298/PSI0804555M


Evaluacija reformulisane teorije osetljivosti na potkrepljenje
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet, Odsek za psihologiju

e-adresa: dudamit@eunet.rs

Projekat

Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149008: Psihološke karakteristike društva u tranziciji

Sažetak

Reformulisana Teorija osetljivosti na potkrepljenje obuhvata tri bazična sistema: Sistem bihejvioralne inhibicije (BIS), Sistem bihejvioralne aktivacije (BAS) i Borba/Bežanje/Blokiranje sistem (BBBS). BIS u ovom modelu predstavlja sistem za detekciju potencijalnog konflikta ili opasnosti, a BBBS postaje sistem koji razlikuje tri osnovna obrasca reagovanja na stvarnu ili procenjenu opasnost. U prvoj studiji, čiji je cilj bio ispitivanje latentne strukture prostora merenja Upitnika za procenu osetljivosti na potkrepljenje, konstruisanog prema konceptu pomenute teorije, ispitana su 472 ispitanika oba pola. Testiranje nekoliko modela strukture pokazalo je da je najadekvatniji model onaj koji odražava početne pretpostavke autora upitnika. Model je ukazao na postojanje tri dimenzije na najvišem hijerarhijskom nivou koje odgovaraju dimenzijama BIS, BAS i Borba/Bežanje/Blokiranje sistema. Poslednja dimenzija se na nižem nivou razlaže na svoja tri podsistema. U drugoj studiji, usmerenoj na ispitivanje relacija dimenzija Reformulisane teorije osetljivosti na potkrepljenje sa dimenzijama Ajzenkovog PEN modela, učestvovala su 203 ispitanika oba pola. Testiranje modela latentne strukture zajedničkog prostora merenja dimenzija Upitnika za procenu osetljivosti na potkrepljenje i EPQ-R pokazalo je da najadekvatniji model podrazumeva tri latentne dimenzije, od kojih prva odgovara dimenziji BIS - Neuroticizam, druga dimenziji BAS - Ekstraverzija, a treća dimenziji Agresivnost - Psihoticizam. Struktura ovih dimenzija je uglavnom u skladu sa očekivanjima. Rezultati ukazuju da strah i anksioznost, na čije neurofiziološko razdvajanje ukazuje Grej, na bihejvioralnom planu imaju mnogo sličnosti, kao i da Blokiranje pre predstavlja dimenziju srodnu dimenziji BIS, nego što čini podsistem sistema Borba/Bežanje/Blokiranje.

Ključne reči

reformulisani Grejov model ličnosti; anksioznost; strah; impulsivnost; sistem Borba/Bežanje/Blokiranje

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