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Psihologija
1991, vol. 24, br. 3-4, str. 127-166
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Ka trojnoj teoriji ljudske inteligencije
Univerzitet Jejl

Sažetak

Ovaj članak predstavlja u kratkim crtama jednu trojnu teoriju ljudske inteligencije. Nju čine tri subteorije: kontekstualna subteorija koja uspostavlja odnos između inteligencije i spoljašnjeg sveta u kojoj osoba živi; komponencijalna subteorija koja povezuje inteligenciju sa unutrašnjim svetom osobe; i subteorija o dva lica inteligencije koja inteligenciju povezuje i sa spoljašnjim i sa unutrašnjim svetom. Kontekstualna subteorija određuje inleligentno ponašanje kao svrsishodno prilagođavanje stvarnoj, za život relevantnoj sredini osobe, oblikovanje i izbor te sredine. Normalni tok inteligentnog funkcionisanja u svakodnevnom životu podrazumeva prilagođavanje sredini: ukoliko se sredina ne poklapa sa vrednostima, sklonostima ili interesovanjima osobe, osoba može pokušati daje oblikuje na takav način da se postigne bolji sklad između osobe i sredine; ukoliko oblikovanje ne uspe može se pokušati sa izborom nove sredine koja će pružiti bolji sklad. Subteorija o dva lica inteligencije dalje precizira ovu definiciju smatrajući za najrelevantnije ispoljavanje inteligencije ono kontekstualno inteligentno ponašanje koje podrazumeva bilo prilagođavanje na novinu bilo automatizaciju obrade informacija ili oboje. Efikasna automatizacija obrade omogućuje priključivanje dodatnih resursa obradi novine u sredini; i obratno, efikasno prilagođavanje na novinu omogućuje da se automatizacija javi ranije u toku sticanja iskustva sa novim zadacima i situacijama.

Ključne reči

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