članak: 1 od 1  
Industrija
2010, vol. 38, br. 3, str. 1-17
jezik rada: srpski
izvorni naučni članak
Origano Origanum vulgare L. - svojstva, proizvodnja i promet
Institut za ekonomiku poljoprivrede, Beograd

e-adresa: vesna_p@mail.iep.bg.ac.rs

Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 147009

Sažetak

Origano je cenjena lekovita, aromatična i začinska biljka širom Evrope, a posebno na Mediteranu odakle potiče. Pominjao ga je Plinije Stariji kao odlično sredstvo za poboljšanje varenja. Poznavali su ga stari Egipćani i koristili za lečenje i dezinfekciju. Naziv potiče od grčke reči origanon [όρίγανον]: oros [όρος] 'planina' i glagola ganousthai [γανούσθαι] 'radovati se'. U Srbiji je poznat i kao vranilova trava, crnovrh, mravinac, džodžan, bakina dušica, vranilovka. Origano uspeva u mediteranskim i evropskim zemljama umerene klime a kultivisan je širom sveta, uključujući SAD, Indiju i Južnu Ameriku. Tržište origana u svetu je u ekspanziji. Uzgajanje origana je profitabilan biznis. Prirodna staništa ove biljke u Srbiji su brdsko-planinska područja, a njeno sakupljanje je ograničeno zakonom. Postoje uslovi i interes proizvođača u Srbiji za plantažno uzgajanje origana. Time se doprinosi smanjenju ruralne nezaposlenosti, povećanju dohotka sitnih poljoprivrednih proizvođača i smanjenju ekoloških pritisaka vezanih za prekomernu eksploataciju samonikle populacije.

Ključne reči

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