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Istorijski časopis
2003, br. 50, str. 99-130
jezik rada: srpski
izvorni naučni članak
Jevrem Obrenović - skica jedne političke karijere
Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva - Beograd

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Jevrem Obrenović, known as Gospodar Jevrem /Master Jevrem/ (Srednja Dobrinja 18.3.1790 – Manasija, Valachia 21.9.1856), the youngest brother of Prince Miloš, the Prince Regent in 1835 (during the stay of Prince Miloš in Constantinople) and in 1839-1840 (from the abdication of Prince Miloš due to the sickness of Prince Milan to the return to the country of Prince Mihailo) president of the State Council 1838-1842, and honorary member of the Serbian Scientific Society. He had been one of the most significant and most interesting figure of the political and cultural scene of Serbia in the first half of the 19th century. The Second Serbian Up rising in 1815 he had spent as a hostage in chains in the Kalemegdan Fort, from 1816 to 1831 he lived in Šabac as the District Prince of the Šabac, Valjevo and Soko District, and from 1831 to 1842, when his political career ended, he had been the governor of the Belgrade town and district. Both in Šabac and Belgrade he had built nice buildings and his home, where he lived in a noble "European" way, became a place of gathering for writers and artists. He had been one of the greatest patron of art of his times in Serbia. During these years however, it was observed that Jevrem had great difficulties in accepting his brother’s tutorship, and their relations particularly worsened in 1837 when Prince Miloš objected to the marriage of his niece Anka to the Austrian consul Antun Mihanović. Jevrem then resigned to all of his functions, requested a passport for himself and his whole family and left Serbia. He returned by the end of the same year with a group of members of the opposition, former officials of the administration, with a desire to influence directly the political events and the Prince to change his way of rule. Thus he became one of the pillars of the opposition movement. At the beginning of 1839, when the Constitution was proclaimed (based upon the Sultan’s decree issued by the end of 1838 in Constantinople), he was confirmed as the p resident of the State Council, a body that Prince Miloš had to share the supreme power with and why he abdicated in June of the same year. During the reign of Prince Mihailo (1839-1842) he understood that he was used by the constitutionalists as an instrument only in the struggle against absolutism, and that he was subjected to the same treatment as the rest of the Obrenović family. During the Vucic rebellion (1842) he was expelled from the country and had been never able to return.

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