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Engrami
2013, vol. 35, br. 1-2, str. 25-37
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak

Individualne razlike u rešavanju konflikta u partnerskom odnosu u svetlu teorije afektivnog vezivanja
Univerzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije, Odeljenje za psihologiju, Beograd

e-adresa: minaaleksic@ymail.com

Sažetak

Uvod. Konflikti u partnerskim odnosima su prepoznati kao važna istraživačka oblast s obzirom da su izvesni segmenti svakog partnerskog odnosa i da su povezani sa ukupnim kvalitetom istog. Cilj rada. Predmet ovog istraživanja se odnosi na ispitivanje povezanosti stilova rešavanja konflikta u partnerskom odnosu i partnerske afektivne vezanosti uz razmatranje uloge pola na rešavanje konflikta. Metod. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na uzorku od 274 ispitanika (99 muškog i 175 ženskog pola; starosti od 18-46 godina (M= 23, 1; SD= 4, 56)). Za merenje stilova rešavanja konflikta u partnerskoj vezi korišćen je Upitnik o stilovima rešavanja sukoba u partnerskim odnosima, dok je za merenje partnerske afektivne vezanosti korišćena Skala iskustva u bliskim odnosima. Rezultati. Dok se pol nije pokazao značajnim prediktorom rešavanja konflikta, nalazi istraživanja ukazuju da je pol značajna moderatorska varijabla koja doprinosi razumevanju povezanosti afektivne vezanosti i načina rešavanja konflikta. Rezultati pokazuju da je kod muškaraca samo dimenzija izbegavanje značajna za objašnjenje ponašanja u sukobu, pri čemu je utvrđena pozitivna povezanost ove dimenzije sa izbegavanjem otvorenog sukoba i negativna povezanost sa kooperativnim rešavanjem konflikta. Kod žena se dimenzija izbegavanje pokazala značajnom na isti način kao i kod muškaraca, dok se značajnom pokazala i dimenzija anksioznost, koja pozitivno korelira sa fizičkom i verbalnom agresijom, i u manjoj meri sa izbegavanjem sukoba i popuštanjem. Zaključak. Afektivna vezanost omogućuje razumevanje individualnih razlika reagovanja u konfliktima u partnerskom odnosu, zbog čega nalazi imaju praktičan značaj za savetodavni i terapijski rad kako sa pojedincima tako i sa parovima.

Ključne reči

partnerske veze; konflikti; afektivna vezanost; pol

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