članak: 1 od 1  
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis
2004, vol. 21, br. 1, str. 49-57
jezik rada: engleski
stručni članak
Uzroci nezgoda i povreda na radu
Zavod za zdravstvenu zaštitu radnika, Niš + Medicinski fakultet, Niš

Sažetak

Nezgoda na poslu predstavlja neočekivani, iznenadni događaj koji rezultira oštećenjem zdravlja, povredom dela tela ili smrću radnika. Nezgoda na poslu podrazumeva nezgode koje su se dogodile na samom radnom mestu kao i saobraćajne nezgode vezane za radne zadatke koje se događaju na službenim putovanjima ili tokom transporta. Nezgodom na poslu se označavaju i one nezgode koje se dogode na putu od kuće do radnog mesta. Povrede na poslu predstavljaju fizička oštećenja tkiva izazvana nezgodom na poslu. Nezgode na poslu i njima izazvane povrede i smrt imaju mnogobrojne uzroke i prisutne su kod velikog broja radnika različitih zanimanja i profesija. Mnogobrojni faktori i rizici doprinose povredama na radu. Najčešće su to profesionalne štetnosti, uslovi na radnom mestu, tehnološki proces rada, organizacioni, ekonomski i ostali socijalni faktori. Veliki je broj teorija koje pokušavaju da objasne nastajanje nezgode i povrede na radu, ali još uvek ne postoji jedinstveno tumačenje koje može da objasni nastajanje svake povrede i nezgode. Različite su mere prevencije i one zavise pre svega od radnog mesta.

Ključne reči

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