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Inovacije u nastavi - časopis za savremenu nastavu
2013, vol. 26, br. 3, str. 7-23
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Standardi obrazovnih postignuća u Srbiji - iskustva iz prve decenije
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: abaucal@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)

Sažetak

Od 2000. godine opšte obrazovanje u Srbiji prolazi kroz značajne reformske procese koji su, sasvim očekivano, bili povezani sa brojnim dilemama i diskusijama. Iako je proces reforme nekoliko puta menjao pravac i koncepciju, standardi obrazovnih postignuća učenika bili su deo svih koncepcija. Prvo su razvijeni standardi za kraj osnovnog obrazovanja, zatim standardi za kraj prvog ciklusa osnovnog obrazovanja, a poslednjih nekoliko godina radi se na razvoju standarda za opšte srednje obrazovanje. U ovom radu biće analizirana konceptualna pitanja u vezi sa standardima obrazovnih postignuća, a zatim i proces uvođenja i razvoja standarda obrazovnih postignuća u obrazovni sistem Srbije. U prvom delu rada biće razmatrana sledeća konceptualna pitanja: šta su standardi obrazovnih postignuća, po kojim karakteristikama mogu da se razlikuju, zašto su važni bez obzira na sve razlike između pojedinih vrsta standarda i koja su ključna pitanja koja prate uvođenje standarda u obrazovni sistem. U drugom delu rada biće razmatrano kako su razvijani standardi za osnovno i opšte srednje obrazovanje u Srbiji - šta je bio koncept u osnovi njihovog razvoja, ko je bio uključen u njihov razvoj i koji su bili ključni izazovi tokom tog procesa. U zaključnom delu rada biće formulisana teza da su teškoće u razvoju i primeni standarda odraz problema sa kojima se suočava reforma obrazovanja u celini. Osim toga, biće skicirana i četiri scenarija za dalju sudbinu standarda u obrazovnom sistemu u Srbiji: (a) standardi će poslužiti da učenje i nastava u učionici i školi postanu relevantniji, kvalitetniji i pravedniji, (b) standardi će služiti samo kao osnova za nacionalna testiranja i ispite, (v) standardi će, kao nekadašnji ciljevi, biti samo 'mrtvo slovo" na papiru i (g) standardi će biti ukinuti.

Ključne reči

standardi obrazovnih postignuća; kvalitet obrazovanja; testiranje; nastavni programi; reforma obrazovanja u Srbiji

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