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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2014, vol. 61, br. 1, str. 225-237
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1401225Z


Organizacioni modeli u poljoprivredi sa posebnim osvrtom na male poljoprivrednike
aUniverzitet - Union Nikola Tesla, Beograd
bInstitut za ekonomiku poljoprivrede, Beograd

e-adresa: nebojsa.z@fpb.edu.rs, cecavukotic@gmail.com, drago_c@iep.bg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Lanci vrednosti u poljoprivredi mogu biti shvaćeni kao sistemi ljudi, organizacija i aktivnosti potrebni da se kreiraju, obrade i isporuče poljoprivredni proizvodi od proizvođača to potrošača. Tokom vremena, usled velikih promena koje su se dešavale u okruženju, poljoprivredni lanci vrednosti su postali vrlo integrisani i kompleksni. Mali poljoprivrednici mogu prosperirati od uključenja u savremene poljoprivredne lance vrednosti višeg nivoa ali postoje brojne prepreke. U radu se daje tipologija organizacionih modela za poljoprivrednu proizvodnju koju čine modeli organizovani od strane proizvođača, kompanija u agrobiznisu (prerađivači, maloprodajni lanci, posrednici), facilitatora (vlada, nevladine organizacije) i potpuno integrisani modeli uspostavljeni od strane neke velike kompanije. Nijedan od ovih modela ne daje idealna rešenja sa stanovišta malih proizvođača. Međutim oni govore da institucije kao što su zadruge i organizacije malih poljoprivrednika su važni mehanizmi za uključenje malih proizvođača u savremene lance vrednosti i ostvarenje saradnje sa kompanijama u agro biznisu i drugim važnim igračima. Ovo je važno i za donosioce odluka i vladine organe koji treba da kreiraju odgovarajuće okruženje i pruže podršku kako bi se mali poljoprivrednici i njihove organizacije uspešno integrisali u savremene lance vrednosti.

Ključne reči

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