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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2015, vol. 62, br. 1, str. 41-51
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 25/06/2015
doi: 10.5937/ekoPolj1501041S
Uticaj cena hrane na inflaciju - slučaj Srbije
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Ekonomski fakultet

e-adresa: soskic@ekof.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Rizici finansijskih institucija i tržišta u Srbiji - mikroekonomski i makroekonomski pristup (MPNTR - 179005)

Sažetak

Cene hrane tradicionalno utiču na inflaciju u čitavom svetu. Promene u ovim cenama uglavnom dolaze zbog promena u ponudi, a manje zbog promena u tražnji. Ako se tretiraju kao šok ponude, monetarna politika na njih ne treba da reaguje. Ipak, cene hrane su deo zvanične inflacije čiji se nivo zvanično cilja od strane većine centralnih banaka. Srbija zvanično sprovodi Ciljanje inflacije i suočena je sa ozbiljnim izazovima uzrokovanim nestabilnošću cena hrane. Nestabilnost cena hrane u Srbiji otežava projekcije buduće inflacije, i može imati negativan uticaj na inflaciona očekivanja i poverenje javnosti u (tj. kredibilitet) centralne banke, a sve to je od izuzetnog značaja za uspeh Ciljanja inflacije. Postoji nekoliko važnih i mogućih poboljšanja koja mogu da smanje nestabilnost cena hrane i ograniče negativan uticaj nestabilnih cena hrane na indeks potrošačkih cena (IPC) kao meru inflacije. Ova poboljšanja su vrlo važna za uspeh Ciljanja inflacije u Srbiji.

Ključne reči

cene hrane; ciljanje inflacije; cenovna nestabilnost; Srbija

Reference

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