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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2016, vol. 63, br. 3, str. 929-942
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 13/10/2016
doi: 10.5937/ekoPolj1603929D
Creative Commons License 4.0
Održiva intenzifikacija poljoprivrede kao faktor ostvarivanja prehrambene sigurnosti
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: katarina.djuric@polj.uns.ac.rs, njegovan@polj.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Na vrhu liste prioriteta održivog globalnog razvoja posle 2015. godine, definisanog od strane Ujedinjenih Nacija, nalazi se eliminisanje gladi, ostvarivanje prehrambene sigurnosti i promovisanje održivog razvoja. Dosadašnji napori čovečanstva na planu redukcije ruralnog siromaštva, realizovani kroz Zelenu revoluciju, pored pozitivnih, ostvarili su i niz negativnih efekata, pre svega, na prirodne resurse. Bespovratna devastacija zemljišta, narušavanje kvaliteta vode i vazduha, kao i ugrožavanje biodiverziteta, prepoznati su kao ključni elementi neodrživosti postojećeg razvojnog koncepta poljoprivrede. U skladu sa tim, javlja se potreba za primenom novog koncepta agrarnog razvoja, koji će se suštinski nalaziti između intenzivne konvencionalne i organske poljoprivrede. Koncept koji se već uveliko primenjuje u pojedinim regionima sveta, a čiji je osnovni cilj da pronađe način da se poveća proizvodnja uz istovremeno što manje negativne uticaje na životnu sredinu je održiva intenzifikacija poljoprivrede. Cilj ovog rada je da sagleda sve, kako pozitivne, tako i negativne aspekte dosadašnjeg razvoja biotehnologije i ukaže na mesto i ulogu koju bi koncept održive intenzifikacije trebalo da ima u očuvanju prirodnih resursa i ostvarivanju prehrambene sigurnosti.

Ključne reči

prehrambena sigurnost; biodivezitet; zemljište; zelena revolucija; održiva intenzifikacija

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