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Psihološka istraživanja
2010, vol. 13, br. 1, str. 59-89
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/PsIstra1001059R


Školski neuspeh u Srbiji
Expanzio Consulting Ltd., Hungary

e-adresa: Rado@expanzio.hu

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada jeste da u Srbiji unapredi razvoj diskursa o jednoj od najznačajnijih karakteristika osnovnog i srednjeg obrazovanja: o visokoj proporciji učenika koji su neuspešni na različite načine. Nalazi su uglavnom zasnovani na međunarodnoj komparativnoj analizi koja ukazuje na postojanje tri evropska obrasca pravednosti u obrazovanju: kompenzatorni obrazovni sistemi, koje karakteriše visok stepen pravednosti (nizak uticaj socio-ekonomskog statusa, nezahtevni selekcioni kriterijumi) i visok kvalitet (natprosečna postignuća učenika), selektivni obrazovni sistemi, u kojima nizak nivo pravednosti i stroga selekcija rezultiraju postignućima učenika koja su ispod proseka i atritivni obrazovni sistemi (u koje spada Srbija i većina zemalja jugoistočne Evrope), koje karakteriše izražena nepravednost i relativno slab prosečan kvalitet, uz visoku proporciju učenika koji su neuspešni kako u pogledu redovnosti školovanja tako i u pogledu kvaliteta obrazovnih postignuća. U tekstu se daju smernice za buduća empirijska istraživanja tako što se razmatraju mogući uzroci školskog neuspeha i analiziraju implikacije obrazovne politike u okviru specifičnog konteksta Srbije.

Ključne reči

komparativna analiza obrazovanja; obrazovna politika; atritivno obrazovanje; školski neuspeh

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