članak: 1 od 1  
Facta universitatis - series: Medicine and Biology
2004, vol. 11, br. 2, str. 102-105
jezik rada: engleski
izvorni naučni članak
Ishrana sa niskim glikemijskim indeksom u lečenju gojaznosti
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
bInstitut za zaštitu zdravlja, Niš

e-adresa: mani@junis.ni.ac.yu

Sažetak

Glikemijski indeks (GI) predstavlja metod za podelu namirnica na osnovu njihovog postprandijalnog glikemijskog odgovora. Dokazi iz eksperimentalnih i kliničkih studija ukazuju da ishrana sa niskim GI može biti efikasna u lečenju gojaznosti. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio ispitati uticaj 12-to nedeljne dijetoterapije sa niskim GI na kontrolu telesne težine, regulaciju krvnog pritiska i neke biohemijske parametre kod gojaznih. Poseban cilj istraživanja je bio uporediti delovanje dve redukcione dijete sa različitim GI na krvni pritisak i regulaciju telesne težine. Ispitanici su bili pacijenti Savetovališta za dijetetiku (n=80) koji su izabrani metodom slučajnog izbora i bili na redukcionoj dijeti sa niskim GI ili sa visokim GI tokom 12 nedelja. Ishrana sa niskim GI dovela je do snižavanja nivoa holesterola u serumu, triglicerida i glikemije nakon 12 nedelja, što je od kliničkog značaja. Dijeta sa niskim GI povoljnije je delovala na kontrolu telesne težine, indeks telesne mase (kg/m2) i redukciju krvnog pritiska kod gojaznih, i može joj se dati prednost u dijetoterapiji gojaznosti kad god je to moguće. Neophodne su detaljnije studije sa većim brojem ispitanika koje bi potvrdile ove pilot rezultate.

Ključne reči

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