članak: 1 od 1  
Socijalna misao
1994, vol. 1, br. 3-4, str. 155-170
jezik rada: srpski
neklasifikovan
Smeštaj i boravak starih u domu kao izvoršite kriznih situacija
Gerontološki centar, Novi Sad

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
The investigation has shown that the following situations are stressogenic for the old-age subjects: farewell from the family, leaving one's own home and neighbors (specially in those persons who have lost their spouses); an illness; insufficient social communications with family members; loneliness. During adaptation process, two fundamental problems were commonly present in the majority of subjects: the presence of other residents and separation from the family. The adaptation process itself passes through three stages: the first, when dwelling conditions (comfort, cleanliness, order, discipline) are given extra positive ratings, and is characteristic for recently admitted persons. The second one is characteristic in that the global situation in the home is validated as extremely positive by the residents who live there 5-10 years. In the third, specially emphasized and valued are the humanistic and moral dimensions of the relationship to the residents as to human beings, and is characteristic for those individuals who have the longest 'histories' of residence (over 10 years). The investigation has also shown that the old age in itself is not a critical period in human life. In addition to a transitional period between the age of maturity and the old age, there is one more critical period in life which usually occurs in the eighth decade as a result of the awareness of an unavoidable end, and deterioration of the health and the entire social and psychological condition. This period might be also characterized as a transitional. It would be useful to carry out a more detailed investigation of the overall complexity and specificity of that period of the old-age life.

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