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Facta universitatis - series: Architecture and Civil Engineering
2010, vol. 8, br. 3, str. 293-305
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.2298/FUACE1003293N
Spoljašnji prostori bolničkih ustanova - terapeutski uticaj i aspekti planiranja
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet tehničkih nauka

e-adresa: dejananeducin@uns.ac.rs

Projekat

Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 16016: Redefinisanje modela i tipova javnih prostora i unapređenje strategije njihove obnove i korišćenja u prostornom i urbanističkom planiranju i projektovanju

Sažetak

Svest o pozitivnom uticaju bolničkog okruženja na proces ozdravljenja kod pacijenata već dugo je prisutna u arhitekturi zdravstvenih objekata. Uprkos činjenici da su bolnice tokom prošlog veka projektovane na način koji bi obezbedio da njihov rad bude prvenstveno ekonomski isplativ, čime je značaj njihovih spoljašnjih prostora potpuno zanemaren, savremeni sistemi zdravstvene zaštite se sve više usmeravaju na zadovoljenje potreba pacijenata, sa dodatnim ciljem smanjenja troškova medicinskih terapija uz održavanje visokog nivoa kvaliteta svih usluga koje se pružaju. Ovaj nov pristup u promeni prioriteta ogleda se i u planiranju i projektovanju kako bolničkih objekata tako i njihovih otvorenih prostora. U radu je predstavljena analiza različitih arhitektonskih i urbanističkih aspekata koji mogu biti uzeti u obzir prilikom projektovanja i planiranja spoljašnjih prostora bolničkih kompleksa. Njihovim razmatranjem i primenom moguće je ostvariti psihološki podsticajnu sredinu koja može da poboljša efekte medicinskih tretmana i ubrza proces lečenja, čime se istovremeno posredno povećava i efikasnost celokupnog zdravstvenog sistema. Cilj istraživanja bio je da se ispita na koji način i u kojoj meri različiti arhitektonski i urbanistički elementi mogu da doprinesu u stvaranju kvalitetnih spoljašnjih bolničkih prostora kao terapeutskog okruženja koje ima pozitivan uticaj na zdravstvene ishode.

Ključne reči

spoljašnji prostori bolničkih ustanova; zdravstveni ishodi; terapeutsko okruženje

Reference

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