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Andragoške studije
2016, br. 1, str. 45-65
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/andstud1601045O


Uloga nastavnika u modelovanju kritičkog mišljenja odraslih
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za pedagogiju i andragogiju

e-adresa: violeta.orlovic@f.bg.ac.rs, mdespoto@f.bg.ac.rs, aleksandar.bulajic.ff@gmail.com

Projekat

Modeli procenjivanja i strategije unapređivanja kvaliteta obrazovanja u Srbiji (MPNTR - 179060)

Sažetak

U radu se analizira uloga nastavnika i obrazovanja u podsticanju razvoja i praktikovanja kritičkog mišljenja u poučavanju odraslih. U fokusu teorijskog razmatranja nalaze se konstruktivistički i kognitivistički pristupi određenju kritičkog mišljenja, ali i rezultati različitih aktuelnih studija koji upućuju na značajne implikacije na nastavnu praksu i proces učenja u odraslom dobu. Rad snažno podržava multidisciplinaran i sveobuhvatan pristup proučavanju i primeni razvoja kritičkog mišljenja. Preispituje se tradicionalan okvir podsticanja kritičkog mišljenja koji dominira u sistemu formalnog obrazovanja i nudi osvrt na relevantne, često i suprotstavljene zaključke različitih istraživanja. Naglašava se da složena i kompozitna priroda kritičkog mišljenja zahteva iste atribute u pristupu njegovom proučavanju i razvoju. Uvažavajući heterogenost odraslih i nastavnika, kao i specifičnosti konteksta poučavanja i učenja, preispituje se mogućnost podsticanja kritičkog mišljenja izborom adekvatnih strategija u nastavi, što dalje otvara pitanja i upućuje na moguće pravce budućih istraživanja. Na osnovu iskustva autora u poučavanju kritičkog mišljenja u univerzitetskim okvirima i teorijskog pregleda prethodnih studija, u radu se nude sintetički uobličena načela i relativno novi uvidi o nužnim pretpostavkama uspeha nastave koja teži razvoju kritičkog mišljenja poput: visokozasićenog i ekspliciranog metakognitivnog narativa nastavnika, aktivnog pristupa transformaciji unutrašnjih konstrukata učenika i (samo)refleksivnog i dijaloškog kvaliteta komunikacije u nastavi.

Ključne reči

kritičko mišljenje; nastavnici; poučavanje i učenje odraslih

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