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2016, vol. 20, br. 1, str. 19-31
Potential effects of urbanization on urban thermal comfort, a case study of Nairobi city, Kenya: A review
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aCollege of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, P.R. China + Department of Meteorology, South Eastern Kenya University, Kitui-Kenya
bKenya Meteorological Department, Nairobi, Kenya

e-adresavictor.ongoma@gmail.com
Ključne reči: thermal comfort; urban heat island; urbanization; Nairobi City
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
This study reviews the effect of urbanization on human thermal comfort over Nairobi city in Kenya. Urbanization alters urban center's land use and land cover, modifying the climate of the urban setting. The modification in climate affects human comfort and the environment at large. This study focuses on the recent studies conducted in Nairobi city and many other cities globally to examine modification of wind, temperature and humidity over Nairobi. There was observed reduction in wind speed and relative humidity over the city, posing threat to human and animal comfort and the environment at large. The city of Nairobi, just like other cities globally is observed to experience urban heat island (UHI). The observed increase in minimum temperature as compared to maximum temperature signifies overall warming. A combination of all these changes reduces human comfort. Borrowing lessons from developed cities, increasing the urban forest cover is thus suggested as one of the practical and effective measures that can help prevent further modification of weather and urban climates. The study recommends further research involving multi-sectoral urban stake holders, on forcing driving urban thermal comfort. In the short term, design and construction of appropriate structures can help minimize energy consumption and emissions, thus enhancing comfort.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/GeoPan1601019O
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.08.2017.
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