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Acta medica Medianae
2007, vol. 46, br. 3, str. 41-44
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Hitna kontracepcija
aOrganizaciona jedinica za zdravstvenu zaštitu žena, Dom zdravlja, Niš
bKlinički centar Niš

e-adresa: milica.veljkovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Hitna (postkoitalna) kontracepcija je primena leka ili sredstva posle nezaštićenog polnog odnosa ili uočene kontraceptivne greške u cilju sprečavanja pojave neželjene trudnoće bez obzira na fazu menstrualnog ciklusa. Danas se u ovu svrhu najčešće koriste seksualni steroidi, a znatno ređe bakarni intrauterini uložak. Efikasnost hitne kontracepcije je velika, ali manja od efikasnosti regularne kontracepcije, zato hitna kontracepcija nije zamena za regularnu, već hitan tretman u vanrednim situacijama. Hitna kontracepcija deluje u preimplantacionom periodu i nije abortivno sredstvo. Ako se desila implantacija, tretman ostaje neefikasan. Očekuje se da adekvatna primena hitne kontracepcije doprinese smanjenju broja neželjenih trudnoća i namernih pobačaja.

Ključne reči

Reference

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