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Glas SANU - Medicinske nauke
2002, iss. 46, pp. 37-51
article language: English
unclassified
New bibliography of scientific papers by Dr. Laza K. Lazarević
aSerbian Academy of Sciences and Arts - SASA
bMuzej srpske medicine Srpskog lekarskog društva, Beograd

Abstract

Laza K. Lazarević (called the Serbian "Turgenev") wrote nine beautiful tales thirteen fragments and one hundred and ten letters to the members of his family. But, in the 1877-1890 period also he wrote seventy eight scientific medical papers. However, Lazarević falls into the category of doctors-writers "who remained faithful both to their medical profession and to their literary-artistic instincts". [1,2] Lazarević was the founder of the Serbian neurology (including the description of the "Lazarević's sign in the sciatica"). Namely, within the polemics on either Lasegue's or Lazarević's sign in the sciatica ("the appearance or the increase of pain in the hip when the patient, in prone position tries to raise his affected leg without bending it at the knee"), the most precise and most concise opinion in favour of Lazarević's view was uttered by American neuro-pathologist Robert Wartenberg in this sentence: "The best known of all nerve stretching tests is the straight-leg-raisins test, the so-called Lasegue. Historically this eponnvm is not correct. It is true that Lasegue introduced this test but he never described it. This was done by his pupil Forst in 1881. Earlier, in 1880, the test was described by the Serbian clinician Lazarević of Belgrade..." Lazarević is also the pioneer of the world geriatrics (by founding the first geriatric institution in the world [3][4]. In fact, in 1881 he founded and led "the Section for Treatment of Old Men with 13 beds", which was located right across the street from the General State Hospital in Belgrade. However, throughout the world the prevailing view is that the founder of the geriatrics is the New York doctor J. L., Nascher who in 1909 demanded that the geriatrics be separated from the frames of the internal medicine. [3,4]. The previous bibliographies of scientific papers of Laza K. Lazarević were compiled by: M. Radovanović in 1891, in his Report on the Activities of the Serbian Medical Society. [5] R. Jeremić, in 1947, in "The Bibliography of the Serbian Medical Litera ture". [6] Lj. Malic, (54 papers), in 1951, in "The Serbian Archiv (Srpski Arhiv), on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Lazarević's birthday [7] V. Kanjuh and B. Pavlović, (72 papers), in 1991, in the scientific publication "Medical Research" ("Medicinska istraživanja") of the Beograd University School of Medicine, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Lazarević's death. [8] V. Kanjuh and B. Pavlović, (77 papers) in 1998, in the forth volume of the S ANU's edition "Life and Work of Serbian Scientists" ("Život i delo srpskih naučnika"). [4] In our new Bibliography of Lazarević's papers (we hold it to be the most complete so far) 78 papers are classified in ten medical special topics according to subjects (Table 1). Within those groups the papers are listed chronologically. On the grounds of his literary work, L. K. Lazarević was elected a Corresponding Member of the Academy of Arts of the Serbian Royal Academy in 1888. In 1993 [19], he was included in the list of 100 most important Serbs, but again as a literary personality, since of all his medical publications, only his article on the sciatica is mentioned together with his diagnostic sign, and with an additional sentence saying that "he also wrote a number of medical papers". To tell the truth, neither The Serbian Royal Academy [20] nor the Department of Medical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts [21] paid adequate attention to Lazarević as a doctor-scientist. It was only recently that this was corrected [22, 23, 8, 24, 25, 4], so that Lazarević could have been elected with a clean conscience a Corresponding member of the Serbian Royal Academy as a doctor-scientist as well [24, 25].

References

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