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2012, vol. 53, br. 1, str. 14-19
Faktori koji utiču na randman šaranskih riba
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bInstitut za higijenu i tehnologiju mesa, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet

e-adresaljubojevicd.dragana@gmail.com
Projekat:
Uticaj kvaliteta komponenata u ishrani ciprinida na kvalitet mesa, gubitke i ekonomičnost proizvodnje (MPNTR - 31011)

Ključne reči: šaranske ribe; randman; ishrana; sistem gajenja; starost; prerada ribe
Sažetak
Osnovni cilj istraživanja je bio dobijanje podataka o randmanu svih kategorija konzumnih ciprinidnih riba gajenih u našim ribnjacima. Uzorci dvogodišnjeg i trogodišnjeg šarana, dvogodišnjeg tolstolobika i dvogodišnjeg amura uzeti su u zimskom periodu sa ribnjaka na kojem se proizvodnja odvijala u poluintenzivnom sistemu proizvodnje. Trogodišnji šaran je uzorkovan sa dva ribnjaka, pri čemu je na jednom u ishrani bila zastupljena kombinacija ječma, kukuruza i pšenice, u odnosu 40:30:30, dok je na drugom vršeno hranjenje sa kompletnim krmnim smešama. Takođe je uzet uzorak i dvogodišnjeg šarana sa ribnjaka na kome je ishrana vršena kompletnim krmnim smešama. Randman je bio najpovoljniji kod šarana (67%), zatim kod tolstolobika (62%), a najnepovoljniji kod amura (60%) (p < 0,01). Dvogodišnji šaran je imao najpovoljniji randman (66%), sledi jednogodišnji (64%), a najnepovoljniji randman je bio utvrđen kod trogodišnjeg šarana (58%)(p < 0,01). Randman je bio povoljniji kod dvogodišnjeg šarana hranjenog peletiranom hranom (68%) u odnosu na šarana iste starosti hranjenog kukuruzom i pšenicom (66%) (p<0,01). Vrednosti randmana izmerene kod trogodišnjeg šarana, gajenog u poluintenzivnim uslovima, prihranjivanog ječmom, kukuruzom i pšenicom bile su, u proseku, 56%, a kod trogodišnjeg šarana, hranjenog peletiranom kompletnom krmnom smešom 59%. Vrsta ribe, starosna kategorija, sistem gajenja i način ishrane pokazali su značajan uticaj na randman. Dvogodišnji šaran hranjen kompletnom hranom odlikovao se najpovoljnijim randmanom i većom masom fileta, što je rezultat manje mase unutrašnjih organa i pripadajućeg masnog tkiva. Dobijeni rezultati mogu biti od pomoći u pravljenju strategije za određivanje najpovoljnije strategije za odabir sirovina za potrebe prerađivačke industrije.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/tehmesa1201014L
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 24.07.2012.