članak: 1 od 1  
Nastava i vaspitanje
2008, vol. 57, br. 4, str. 514-529
jezik rada: srpski
izvorni naučni članak
Vaspitni stil roditelja i lokus kontrole adolescenata
aMuzička škola, Leskovac
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet


Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149062D (2006-2010): Usklađivanje uloga na poslu i porodici

Sažetak

Vaspitni stil podrazumeva način na koji roditelj ostvaruje vaspitne ciljeve a temelji se na relativno postojano.m emocionalnom odnosu roditelja i deteta. Osnovni problem istraživanja predstavlja ispitivanje povezanosti vaspitnih stilova roditelja i lokusa kontrole njihove dece adolescentnog uzrasta. Za procenu vaspitnih stilova korišćen je upitnik, konstruisan saglasno teorijskom modelu Zjemske. Upitnik ima pet subskala Likertovog tipa odbacivanje, kontrola, izbegavanje, prezaštićavanje i emocionalna toplina i prihvatanje. Lokus kontrole je ispitivan skraćenom verzijom Roterovog upitnika kojim se procenjuje da li je lokus kontrole pretežno unutrašnji ili spoljašnji. Uzorak ispitanika čini 83 subjekta, učenika gimnazije, uzrasta 16-17 godina. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da emocionalna toplina i prihvatanje, najzastupljeniji roditeljski vaspitni stil, doprinosi formiranju unutrašnjeg lokusa kontrole i osećanja lične odgovornosti kod adolescenata. Prezaštićujući vaspitni stil roditelja povezan je sa spoljašnjim lokusom kontrole adolescenata. Kvalitativna analiza povezanosti vaspitnih stilova i pojedinih indikatora lokusa kontrole upućuje na zaključak da roditelji koje karakteriše prezaštićavanje deteta, kao i otvoreno odbacivanje i izbegavanje ometaju razvoj unutrašnjeg lokusa kontrole kod svoje dece. Takvi roditelji doprinose formiranju pasivnog odnosa dece i njihovom stavu da nisu sami odgovorni ni za pozitivne ni za negativne događaje u sopstvenom životu.

Ključne reči

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