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Nastava i vaspitanje
2011, vol. 60, br. 3, str. 419-429
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Socijalne veštine dece i mladih s intelektualnom ometenošću
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: branislav06@gmail.com, slobodan2008@yahoo.com, japundza@neobee.net

Sažetak

Socijalne veštine se posmatraju kao set kompetencija koje omogućavaju deci ili adolesecentima da uspostave i održe socijalne interakcije s drugima, budu prihvaćeni od vršnjaka i da se uspešno i adaptivno nose sa širim socijalnim okruženjem. Pri definisanju intelektualne ometenosti socijalne veštine se pojavljuju kao komponenta šireg koncepta adaptivnog ponašanja. Smatra se da deficiti u znanju i rezonovanju dece s intelektualnom ometenošću, manifestovani kroz nizak IQ, utiču na socijalni razvoj kroz kašnjenje razvoja pozitivnih socijalnih veština, koje zauzvrat, vode ka povlačenju i siromašnijim odnosima s vršnjacima. Stoga je ovoj deci najčešće potrebna posebna obuka kako bi te veštine poboljšala. U radu se razmatraju različiti pristupi unapređivanju ovih veština, ali i neka ograničenja kad je reč o deci s intelektualnom ometenošću. Bez obzira na problem generalizacije ponašanja i održavanja efekata ovih intervencija, obučavanje socijalnim veštinama ostaje jedna od centralnih tačaka u radu s decom i mladima s intelektualnom ometenošću.

Ključne reči

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