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Acta veterinaria
2003, vol. 53, br. 5-6, str. 297-310
jezik rada: engleski
neklasifikovan
doi:10.2298/AVB0306297Z


Komparativna studija hematološko-biohemijskih parametara kod klinički zdravih krava i krava sa dislokacijom sirišta
Veterinary faculty, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Sažetak

U ovom radu smo izneli rezultate hematoloških i bihemijskih parametre kod krava sa levom i desnom dislokacijom sirišta. Rezultati analize krvi i statistička ocjena rezultata u grupi krava (n = 73) sa dislokacijom sisrišta i kontrolnoj grupi zdravih krava (n = 43) koje su bile iste rase, starosti u istom fiziološkom periodu i sa istog područja/stada, ukazuju na statističku signifikantnu (p<0.05) devijaciju sledećih hematoloških i biokemijskih parametara: povećana vrijednost hematokrita (Ht), bijele krvne slike (WBCC), neutrofila, totalnog bilirubina (Bil-T), glikoze b-hydroxybutirata (BHB), nezasićenih masnih kiselina (NEFFA), povećana aktivnost enzima aspartat aminotransferase (AST), g-glutamil transferase (GGT) i glutamat dehidrogenase (GLDH) te pad u koncentraciji kalcija (Ca) natrija (Na), kalija (K) i klora (Cl). Krvne analize kod krava sa dislokacijom sirišta jasno ukazuju na povezanost dislokacije sa puerperalnim sindromom "hipokalcemija - hepatička lipidoza – endotoksemija". Kod naših pacijenata u odnosu na kontrolnu grupu zdravih krava utvrđene su hemokoncentracija, leukocitoza sa neutrofilijom, hipokalcemija, lipemija ketonemija, hiperglikemija, umerena hipernatremija, hipokalemija hipokloremija i povećana aktivnost jetrenih encima AST, GGT i GLDH. Utvrđena odstupanja od normale prouzrokuju brojne i komplikovane patofiziološke metaboličke reakcije, koje se u puerperiju često klinički jasno odražavaju kao dislokacija sirišta.

Ključne reči

dairy cows; hemato-biochemical parameters; abomasal displacement; periparturient period

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