Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u prethodnih 30 dana:0
  • preuzimanja u prethodnih 30 dana:0
članak: 1 od 1  
Balkan Journal of Stomatology
2001, vol. 5, br. 3, str. 177-180
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni članak

Associations of the type of nutrition with dental status of primary teeth in pre-school and school children from the city of Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Stomatology Higher Medical Institute, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

e-adresa: dentfac@mbox.digsys.bg

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Epidemiological study on the prevalence of dental caries of primary teeth in pre-school and school children in relation to the type of diet was performed. 330 children (aged 4-8) were studied: 243 patients and 87 controls. They were randomly selected from the kindergartens and primary schools in Plovdiv (Bulgaria), whereas the dental status was clinically examined (dmf≥1; dmf=0) according to the WHO criteria. A direct individual inquiry was applied for primary data collection regarding the type of food: carbohydrate diet, protein-lipid diet and fruit-vegetable diet. The cross-sectional study design was used. Percentage distribution, non-parametric methods and assessment of odds ratio were applied. The results revealed that: (1) the proportion of children with caries increased with age as the relative risk of school children to those in pre-schools was 2.56 (p<0.05); (2) the children on carbohydrate diet had higher risk than those on the other types of diet, independently of the age (OR was about 5-8 in both age groups); and (3) the relative risk, when the summary influence was considered, was 6.73, i.e. a statistically significant summary effect of the factors 'age' and 'diet' on the dental status was observed (p<0.05). In view of the global aim of WHO to have about 50% of children of age 5 free of caries, our results indicated almost two-fold lower proportion (29.47%). The associations established between the low-risk diet and low point prevalence of dental caries in pre-school children (to a certain degree remaining the same in the school age) could be considered of great importance for the post-resorptive increase of the resistance of the hard dental tissues.

Ključne reči

Reference

*** (1994) Nutrition, diet and oral health: Report of an FDI Working Group. Int Dent J, 44(6): 599-612
Beaghole, R., Bonita, R. (1993) Basic epidemiology. Geneva: World Health Organization
Botushanov, P. (1987) Dental caries and its prevention. u: Nutrition and dental caries, Sofia: Meditzina i Fizkultura, pp. 45-49 (in Bulg)
Curzon, M.E.J., ten Cate, J.M. (1989) Diet nutrition and dental caries. Caries Res, 24(Suppl. 1):5-9
Knapp, R.G., Clinton, M.I.M. (1992) Clinical epidemiology and bio statistics. Boulder: Williams & Wilkins, p 278
Mateeva, H., i dr. (1995) Investigation of the influence of the nutrition regimen upon the epidemiology of caries in 12-year old children from Plovdiv. u: Scientific session of the higher medical institute, Book of Abstracts, str. 40 (in Bulg)
Rugg, A.J., al S.M., Butler, T.J. (1998) Malnutrition and developmental defects of enamel in 2- to 6-year-old Saudi boys. Caries Res, 32(3): 181-92
Stoilova, R. Pathology of the primary teeth in relation with the prenatal and postnatal development of the child. Plovdiv: Higher Medical Institute, PhD Thesis
Stranski, D., Sheitanov, M. (1980) Rational nutrition and prevention in dental diseases. Meditzina i Fizkultura, Sofia, p 253M (in Bulg)
Toneva, V. (1979) Caries-prophylactic effect of calcium and phosphorous additives to 2 cariogenic diets. Stomatologiia (Sofiia), 61(3): 137-43
Voutov, M., i dr. (1988) Treatment of dental diseases in childhood. Sofia: Meditzina i Fizkultura, in Bulg