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Balkan Journal of Stomatology
2001, vol. 5, br. 3, str. 177-180
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni članak

Associations of the type of nutrition with dental status of primary teeth in pre-school and school children from the city of Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Stomatology Higher Medical Institute, Plovdiv, Bulgaria



(ne postoji na srpskom)
Epidemiological study on the prevalence of dental caries of primary teeth in pre-school and school children in relation to the type of diet was performed. 330 children (aged 4-8) were studied: 243 patients and 87 controls. They were randomly selected from the kindergartens and primary schools in Plovdiv (Bulgaria), whereas the dental status was clinically examined (dmf≥1; dmf=0) according to the WHO criteria. A direct individual inquiry was applied for primary data collection regarding the type of food: carbohydrate diet, protein-lipid diet and fruit-vegetable diet. The cross-sectional study design was used. Percentage distribution, non-parametric methods and assessment of odds ratio were applied. The results revealed that: (1) the proportion of children with caries increased with age as the relative risk of school children to those in pre-schools was 2.56 (p<0.05); (2) the children on carbohydrate diet had higher risk than those on the other types of diet, independently of the age (OR was about 5-8 in both age groups); and (3) the relative risk, when the summary influence was considered, was 6.73, i.e. a statistically significant summary effect of the factors 'age' and 'diet' on the dental status was observed (p<0.05). In view of the global aim of WHO to have about 50% of children of age 5 free of caries, our results indicated almost two-fold lower proportion (29.47%). The associations established between the low-risk diet and low point prevalence of dental caries in pre-school children (to a certain degree remaining the same in the school age) could be considered of great importance for the post-resorptive increase of the resistance of the hard dental tissues.

Ključne reči


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