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Nasleđe
2004, br. 5, str. 71-88
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Zgrada Jugoslovenskog dramskog pozorišta - od manježa do savremenog teatra
Afilijacija nije data

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
In the place where the Yugoslav Drama Theatre building is situated today there used to be the riding-school of the Royal Cavalry. Built along the present Kralja Milana Street, it was a simple, one-story house with compact interior. Several decades later, the building will change its original purpose. Because of the damage to its premises during the First World War the National Theatre temporarily moved to the building of the neglected manage. Theatre performances were held there until 1927, when the "Wooden manege" was burnt down. The construction of a new building began that same year, financed by Belgrade investors, and after the plan designed by the Russian architect Nikola Krasnov. A new storey was added to the former house and over the vestibule along the south facade, completing a uniform architectural whole with the rest of the building. The previous plain facade was refreshed by a series of decorative architectural elements and figures on the level of the first floor, created by Vojislav Ratimirović Šikoparija, sculptor from Belgrade. The new theatre, "The Vračar Scene" was opened in 1929. In 1931 the building underwent a temporary change of purpose and its was then modified to satisfy the requirements of the Serbian assembly. After the Second World War, precisely in 1947, the building was readapted for theatre performances, after the design by eminent architect Momčilo N. Belobrk. The building of the Yugoslav Drama Theatre, as it was then officially named, was a brave modernist and monumental work. The facade retained the characteristic simplicity without ornamentation. The building was approached across an atrium with a decorative pool with the bronze sculpture by Boris Kalin. Belobrk did not only modernize the theatre in line with the contemporary requirements, but he particularly insisted on detail design of the whole theatre inventory. Inevitably, the solution of Momčilo N. Belobrk could not last forever. The facade was ruined in time and the contemporary moment required new architectural-artistic endeavors. In the 1980s the painter Čedomir Vasić in cooperation with architect Đorđe Bobić brought together the three different layers of the historic development of the Yugoslav Drama Theatre, by opening the complete old Krasnov's facade, by retaining the larger part of the Belobrk's facade, and completing the entire facade by a painted part comprising the essential features of the new architectural language. The competition announcement of October 17,1997, after the theatre was destroyed in flames again, called for fundamental renovation, reconstruction and modernization of the building. The first prize was awarded to a young architect Zoran Radojičić and his "friends", his collaborators on the design. The new project brought new materials, glass and metal, which completely changed the previous exterior of the building. The facade of Nikola Krasnov was reconstructed and incorporated into the glass foundation, the "basic idea" of Momčilo Belobrk was retained in the entry hall, and the design was apprised as a 'sensible modernist intervention' that respected the heritage of the mentioned architects and united them into a new architectural expression.

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