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Nasleđe
2009, br. 10, str. 179-200
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Beogradski opus arhitekte Ive Kurtovića
Afilijacija nije data

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Ivo Kurtović (1910-1970), architect, professor of the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade and painter, is one of the most important Serbian architects in the post-WWII period. He belonged to the middle generation of post-war architects who, working at the leading design offices, carried out major post-war reconstruction and construction projects. Along with his colleagues such as Milorad Pantić and Milorad Macura, he was among the first to introduce the ideas of the world's greats to the domestic environment. Kurtović's buildings can be seen throughout Serbia: Novi Sad, Kladovo Despotovac, Zemun, Trepča; and in Croatia: the town of Hvar and Split, but most are in Belgrade. His Belgrade works reflect the evolution of his architecture from the late 1940s and show all its essential features. Upon his return from the refugee camp at El Shatt in Egypt (1944-45), where he taught at the Secondary Technical School, Kurtović became actively engaged in rebuilding war-shattered Serbia. The designs created during some thirty-five years of his career include residential, educational, commercial and cultural buildings, railway stations, airports and interiors. Born in Dalmatia, he espoused the essential features of Mediterranean architecture, such as classical proportions or a central space that organizes the enclosing arrangement, and held on to them throughout his career. He was open to developments on the international architectural scene and ready to embrace progressive ideas: international functionalism in the 1930s, the floating house concept in the 1940s, brutalism and the vernacular house concept in the latter half of the 1960s. Distinctive qualities of his work are his skilful incorporation of a new building into the existing architectural setting and his creative combinations of traditional and modern principles. Both in architecture and in painting, he searched for one thing: the meaning of the relationship between man and space, objects and nature. Illness interrupted Kurtović's career at its peak, but he nonetheless left a rich, multilayered and valuable architectural oeuvre which had a considerable impact on Serbian architecture in the 1950s, 60s and 70s. His last work - National Library of Serbia - heralded the advent of postmodernism in Serbia.

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