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2018, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 217-228
Ekonomski uticaj i determinante usvajanja poboljšanih tehnologija proizvodnje kukuruza
Federal University of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

e-adresaobayelu@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: indeks usvajanja; ekonomska analiza; proizvodnja kukuruza; poljoprivredni proizvođači kukuruza
Sažetak
Poteškoće oko toga koju proizvodnu tehnologiju usvojiti, i mere do koje bi trebalo poboljšati poljoprivredne operacije za postizanje optimalne ekonomske koristi ostaju neutvrđene. Ovim istraživanjem se analizira ekonomika i determinante usvajanja paketa poboljšanih tehnologija proizvodnje kukuruza (Zea mays) u Državi Ojo u Nigeriji. Korišćena je višestepena procedura uzorkovanja kako bi se odabralo sto dvadeset poljoprivrednih proizvođača kukuruza za istraživanje u 2016. godini. Podaci za istraživanje su prikupljeni korišćenjem strukturiranog upitnika, i analizirani su uz pomoć deskriptivne statistike i indeksa usvajanja (engl. adoption index), regresione analize i standardnih oblika kalkulacija za pojedinačne linije proizvodnje. Rezultati regresione analize su pokazali da promenljive kao što su pol, iskustvo bavljenja poljoprivredom, godine obrazovanja, posete savetodavaca, i nivo svesti o tehnologijama imaju značajnog i pozitivnog uticaja na usvajanje poboljšanih tehnologija za kukuruz u ispitivanom području. Rezultati analize standardnih oblika kalkulacija za pojedinačne linije proizvodnje su pokazali da su poljoprivrednici koji su usvojili poboljšane tehnologije proizvodnje kukuruza zaradili 438.367,23 naira u odnosu na profit od 374.426,44 naira po hektaru kukuruza koji su ostvarili poljoprivrednici koji nisu usvojili poboljšane tehnologije za proizvodnju kukuruza tokom godine istraživanja. Rezultati su dalje pokazali da na svaku nairu uloženu u proizvodnju kukuruza, poljoprivredni proizvoiđači koji su usvojili poboljšane tehnologije zaradili su 7,64 naira zauzvrat u poređenju sa prihodom od 6,00 naira koji su ostvarili poljoprivredni proizvođači koji nisu usvojili poboljšane tehnologije. Postoji potreba za povećanjem svesti o tehnologijama proizvodnje kukuruza među poljoprivrednim proizvođačima, uz pomoć savetodavaca i društvenih mreža, kako bi se povećao stepen usvajanja tehnologija za kukuruz.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS1802217O
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.08.2018.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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