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Ekonomski horizonti
2018, vol. 20, br. 2, str. 95-108
jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ekonhor1802095J

Creative Commons License 4.0
Privredni rast i institucionalna tranzicija Republike Srbije
Ministarstvo privrede Republike Srbije, Beograd

e-adresa: edvard.jakopin@privreda.gov.rs

Sažetak

Da li se tranzicione države Jugoistočne Evrope (JIE) nalaze zarobljene u institucionalnoj tranziciji Institucionalna tranzicija koja traje skoro tri, a u Republici Srbiji skoro dve decenije, započela je brzim uništavanjem institucija iz prethodnog političkog i ekonomskog sistema, ali, izgradnja novih tržišnih institucija se odvija sporo, neefikasno i parcijalno. Republika Srbija je izgubila tri decenije privrednog rasta i razvoja, što potvrđuje ekonomsku zakonitost da je potrebno dvostruko više vremena vratiti sistem u prethodni ekvilibrijum od dužine vremena u kome se sistem nalazio van ravnoteže. Prosečan rast za sedamnaest tranzicionih godina od 3% je nedovoljan da se nadoknadi ogroman zaostatak iz devedesetih godina XX-og veka. Istraživački doprinos u radu fokusiran je na analizu međuzavisnosti privrednog rasta i izgradnje institucija. Posebna pažnja usmerena je na faktor korupcije, koja razara institucije u svim tranzicionim državama, smanjuje privredni rast, produktivnost i negativno utiče na privlačenje stranih direktnih investicija (SDI).

Ključne reči

privredni rast; institucionalna tranzicija; korupcija

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