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2011, vol. 27, br. 1, str. 1-16
Karakterizacija dve egipatske autohtone rase pilića korišćenjem genetskih i imunoloških parametara
aCell Biology Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt + Dept. of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
bPoultry Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
cCell Biology Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

e-adresahameguid@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: mitochondrial D-loop; immunological parameters; Egyptian chickens
Sažetak
U cilju identifikovanja i karakterizacije naših autohtonih rasa pilića, koristili smo dva pristupa, genetski i pristup koji se odnosi na imunološki status pilića. U ovom ispitivanju, prvih 539 baza mtDNK regiona D-petlje kod dve egipatske autohtone rase (Fayoumi i Dandarawi, iz El-Fayoum istraživačke stanice) je amplifikovano i sekvencirano. Rezultati poravnjanja pokazuju približno ponavljanje tandema od 60 baznih jednica sa prvih 34 nukleotida koji su tačni. Ovih 34 baznih jednica su bile u potpunosti identične i konzervirane u Egipatskoj banci gena i banci gena gde se čuvaju uzorci. Višestruki rezultati poravnjanja pokazuju takođe da postoje tri transverzije koje su specifične samo za egipatske rase. Dve od njih nisu specifične za određenu rasu jer obe rase su pokazale normalne i mutirane nukleotide. Treća transverzija se čini da je specifična samo za egipatsku Dandarawi rasu. Prva lokacija mutacije je na poziciji (457) gde se adenin nukleotid transverzuje u cistin nukleotid. Drugo mesto mutacije je na poziciji (464) gde se guanin nukleotid transverzuje u timin nukleotid. Treće mesto mutacije je na poziciji (483) gde se adenin nukleotid transverzuje u timin nukleotid. U vezi sa imunološkim parametrima, može se pretpostaviti da Fayoumi soj ima hiper odgovor/reakciju na fitoheamgglutinin-P (PHA-P) injekcije u poređenju sa Dandarawi sojem. Suprotni trend je registrovan kod anti-SRBCs reakcije antitela. Rezultati mogu dati uvid u genetsku diferencijaciju i imunološki status dve egipatske autohtnone rase. Rezultati nisu pokazali direktnu vezu između dva pristupa koji su korišćeni. Međutim, rezultati dobijeni korišćenjem dva pristupa mogu kompletirati identifikaciju i karakterizaciju pilića. Takođe, mogu se koristiti u budućnosti kao osnova za dalja istraživanja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH1101001R
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 19.04.2011.

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