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Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport
2011, vol. 9, br. 4, str. 439-453
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Efekti fizičkog vežbanja na telesnu kompoziciju kod starih osoba - pregledni rad
Univerzitet u Nišu, Fakultet fizičke kulture

e-adresa: jorgicb5@yahoo.com

Projekat

Fizička aktivnost i fitnes komponente starih ljudi (MPNTR - 179056)

Sažetak

Telesna kompozicija je jedan od komponenti fizikog fitnesa i odnosi se na komponente tkiva koja čine telo i obično se koristi da označi relativni procenat masti i bezmasnog tkiva. U okruženjima zdravlja i fitnesa glavni interes je saznanje o relativnoj količini telesne masti u odnosu na nemasno telesno tkivo i distribuciju masti u organizmu, sa dodatnim interesom za promene u tim komponentama. Fizička neaktivnost je jedan od glavnih uzroka povećanja telesnih masti. Kod starih osoba povećanje telesnih masti je uslovljeno sporijom brzinom hodanja i funkcionalnim limitacijama. Problem ovog rada su istraživanja objavljena u periodu od 1991. do 2010. godine u kojima su proučavani efekti fizičkog vežbanja na telesnu kompoziciju kod osoba starosti od 55 do 85 godina. Cilj rada je analizirati metode, ekserimentalni tretman, rezultate i zaključke do kojih su došli autori u pregledanim istraživanjima. Istraživanje je obuhvatilo 28 radova. Rezultati analiziranih istraživanja pokazuju da najveće pozitivne efekte na promene u telesnoj kompoziciji imaju programi vežbanja u kombinaciji sa odgovarajućom dijetom. Na osnovu rezultata analiziranih istraživanja optimalno trajanje programa vežbanja bi trebalo da bude najmanje 12 nedelja sa učestalošću od 3 ili 4 puta nedeljno. Intezitet vežbanja kod treninga sa otporom bi trebao progresivno da se povećava do 80%1RM. Svaku vežbu bi trebalo izvoditi u tri seta sa 8 do 12 ponavljanja. Kod treninga izdržljivosti intezitet vežbanja bi trebao najviše da bude do 80%Hrmax odnosno da intezitet vežbanja bude umereni do jaki, sa prosečnim trajanjem treninga od 60 minuta.

Ključne reči

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