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2011, vol. 6, iss. 2, pp. 79-82
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper

Radiogrammetric analysis of upper limb long bones
aZavod za anatomiju, Medicinski fakultet, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
bKlinika za unutrašnje bolesti, Klinički centar, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
cMorfološka sekcija Medicinskog fakulteta, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za anatomiju



Radiogrammetry is radiological method of bone mineral density quantification. Besides giving an insight in diagnostics and evolution of metabolic bone disorders (osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteitis deformans- Paget's disease), it can also explain some specific biomechanical characteristics of bone structures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the significance and perspectives of radiogrammetry as a scientific model for further inquiry of skeletal system. The work demonstrates mathematical parameters (Ca-Cortical area, CI- Cortical index, GI- Garn's index, ESI- Exton Smith's index) of upper limb long bones (humerus, radius, ulna). Two standard radiological projections of bones were taken: antero-posterior (AP) and latero-lateral (LL). Correlation with metacarpal and lower limb bones was also performed. The value of the cortical area of humerus is significantly higher comparing with the two other examined bones (Xmean 2,2443 cm2, p < 0.01). Radial bone has the highest values of the relational mathematical parameters, which implicates its higher strength by volumetric unit concerning humerus and ulna. Despite the development of contemporary osteometric procedures (ultrasound densitometry, dual X-ray absorptiometry, digital X-ray radiogrammetry), the classical radiogrammetry sustains its important role in diagnostics of metabolic bone disorders and it can be successfully used for biomechanical inquiry of skeletal system.


radiogrammetry; quantification; bone mass density; humerus; radius; ulna


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