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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2014, vol. 13, br. 1, str. 11-34
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/specedreh13-5428


Usvojenost teorije uma kod dece i adolescenata s lakom intelektualnom ometenošću
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: branislav06@gmail.com

Projekat

Socijalna participacija osoba sa intelektualnom ometenošću (MPNTR - 179017)

Sažetak

Teorija uma je sposobnost pripisivanja mentalnih stanja (verovanja, želja, namera i emocija) sebi i drugima, kako bi se predvidelo i objasnilo uočeno ponašanje. Osobe s intelektualnom ometenošću kasne u razvoju ove sposobnosti značajne za uspešne socijalne interakcije, socijalnu responzivnost i harmonične odnose u svakodnevnom životu. Cilj ovog rada je da ispita usvojenost teorije uma, sagledane kroz zadatke pogrešnog verovanja prvog i drugog reda, kod dece s lakom IO školskog uzrasta, kao i odnos ove sposobnosti s uzrastom, polom, nivoom intelektualnog funkcionisanja i bilingvizmom ispitanika. Usvojenost teorije uma prvog i drugog reda ispitana je kod sto dvadesetoro dece i adolescenata s lakom intelektulanom ometenošću, uzrasta od 8 do 16 godina, test pričama 'Sanja i Ana' koje spadaju u zadatke 'neočekivanog premeštanja'. Teoriju uma prvog reda usvaja 68% procenata naših ispitanika, dok je pri proveri usvojenosti teorije uma drugog reda uspešno 48% ispitanika. Usvojenost teorije uma prati uobičajen tok razvoja. Nije pronađena značajna razlika u usvojenosti teorije uma prvog i drugog reda kod ispitanika različitog pola i nivoa inteligencije, kao ni kod monolingvalnih i bilingvalnih ispitanika. Nasuprot tome, pronađena je značajna razlika u uspešnosti rešavanja zadataka teorije uma kada su u pitanju neki indikatori socio-ekonomskog statusa.

Ključne reči

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