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TIMS. Acta
2012, vol. 6, br. 1, str. 10-18
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/timsact1201010V


Oporavak vrhunskih sportista - pregled savremenih metoda
Univerzitet EDUCONS, Fakultet za sport i turizam, Novi Sad

e-adresa: drasko.veljovic@tims.edu.rs

Sažetak

Brojni trenažni sadržaji, kao i samo takmičenje, mogu akutno da umanje učinak sportista ili njihov nivo sposobnosti. Ovo opadanje karakteristika može biti prolazna pojava, uz trajanje od nekoliko minuta ili nekoliko sati nakon treninga, ili pak da traje znatno duže, čak i nekoliko dana. Nedostatak adekvatnog procesa oporavka može dovesti do toga da sportista ne bude u mogućnosti da trenira željenim intenzitetom ili da ne ispuni u potpunosti zadatke na narednom treningu. Hronični zamor može dovesti i do povreda, te je iz ovih razloga potpuni oporavak neophodan radi dostizanja optimalnih karakteristika koje će osigurati kvalitetniji sportski nastup. Zbog toga, sportisti često sprovode različite tehnike i metode usmerene na oporavak. Iste su postale deo trenažnog procesa i usmerene su ka smanjenju stresa i zamora nastali kao posledica svakodnevnog izlaganja intenzivnim trenažnim stimulima. Danas se, u vrhunskom sportu koristi veliki broj metoda i tehnika sa ciljem ubrzanja procesa oporavka. Iz tog razloga neophodno je poznavanje efikasnosti istih kako bi adekvatan metod bio primenjen u procesu oporavka. Cilj ovog preglednog članka je da ukaže na one koji se trenutno koriste i njihove efekte na proces oporavka nakon napornih trenažnih epizoda.

Ključne reči

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