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Poslovna ekonomija
2015, vol. 9, iss. 2, pp. 45-62
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
doi:10.5937/PosEko1502045P


Macroeconomic environment for development of Quadruple Helix model regional competitiveness of Vojvodina

Project

br. 114-451-681/2015-03: Istraživanje mogućnosti i uslova za razvoj Quadruple Helix univerzitet-privreda-država-civilno društvo modela regionalne konkurentnosti AP Vojvodine

Abstract

Under conditions where the regional economy is faced with the challenges of unemployment, low or negative economic growth, rapidly growing digital business models, dramatic changes in the environment by the interweaving of global phenomena (movements in human society, institutional change, political relations), the necessity for the educational system to increasingly reflect the needs of the economic structure is becoming a priority to governments for modeling public policies aimed at the welfare of civil society and the modern economic development. The concept of knowledge-based economy is asking for more intense, 'closer to science' needs of the market, but also a kind of 'interference' of the market into the world of science, through the necessity of the system application and commercialization of knowledge. Particular importance in the current development stage is ascribed to the model of quadruple partnerships or 'Quadruple Helix model'. It is determined by: (i) the crucial role of universities and research and development organizations in knowledge production and generation of technological innovations, through the interaction with businesses and the state, with the aim of improving productivity of a knowledge-based society, (ii) a kind of 'power shift' in relations between universities, industry, government and civil society, in which each innovation contributes to the economic prosperity and sustainable development, therefore implementation of innovation policy is a result of synergy and interaction of these factors, as well as ( iii) the necessity of a more active role of each helix in the development model for economies in transition, in order to bring wealth, benefit and welfare to the civil society. Hence, the work aims to show the vital (macro) economic development indicators of economic structure of AP Vojvodina as specific indicators of opportunities and conditions for the development of quadruple helix model of regional competitiveness.

Keywords

knowledge-based economy; innovation in the region; the index of competitiveness; national innovation system; regional innovation system; Quadruple helix model

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